Photo 36: US EEZ limits from Global Perspective  Department of State Public Notice 2237, "Exclusive Economic Zone and Maritime Boundaries; Notice of Limits,". INS, Changing Definition of External Boundary of the United States. 9th Grade. What does TOPONYM RESOLUTION mean? 2 types: those separated by water, and those separated by other countries. Foreign flag ships enjoy the right of innocent passage while transiting the territorial sea subject to laws and regulations adopted by the coastal State that are in conformity with the Law of the Sea Convention and other rules of international law relating to such passage. Political geography: Definition. Special rules for determining the baseline apply in a variety of circumstances, such as with bays, ports, mouths of rivers, deeply indented coastlines, fringing reefs, and roadsteads. 1st Sess. Level 1 Level 3. Generally speaking, the normal baseline is the low-water line along the coast as marked on large-scale charts officially recognized by the coastal State. Ships in transit passage may not carry out any research or survey activities without the prior authorization of the States bordering the strait. Check the boxes below to ignore/unignore words, then click save at the bottom. let us write you a custom essay sample on. 65. Generally, a maritime boundary is delineated at a particular distance from a jurisdiction's coastline. Geography. [24] The explicit differences in the way the boundary lines are configured is shown in the map at the right. Additional Geography Flashcards . A maritime boundary is a conceptual division of the Earth's water surface areas using physiographic or geopolitical criteria. arts. Examples of internal waters include bays, rivers and even lakes that are connected to the sea, e.g., the Great Lakes. These disputes … § 1802(11). AP Human Geography: Chapter 5 Vocabulary questionCreolized Language answerDefinition: a language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people Territorial Sea of the United States of America. Department of Commerce: Privacy Policy | FOIA | Information Quality | Fair Act | No FEAR Act | White House space. Since 2001, the U.S. has been engaged in gathering and analyzing data to determine the outer limits of its extended continental shelf. Created. Reg. Under the Submerged Lands Act, the seaward boundary of each of the individual coastal states is generally three nautical (or geographic) miles from the coast line. Perhaps the earliest proclamation of the U.S. Three Nautical Mile territorial sea was documented by, Presidential Proclamation No. Borders are bounded on one side by a national boundary. For a long time, human geography has maintained four principal divisions, including political, cultural, economic, and social. Geography. The study of treaties on maritime boundaries is important as (a) as a source of general or particular international law; (b) as evidence of existing customary law; and (c) as evidence of the emerging development of custom. Subject. Create your own flash cards! [14] The development of "customary law" affects all nations. 8 Political Geography questionAnnexation answerlegally adding land area to a city in the United States questionAntarctica answerEarth's southernmost continent; world's largest "Understanding Maritime Jurisdictional Disputes: The East China Sea and Beyond,", This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 16:52. Previous. The Mississippi River is the defining boundary between many of the states it winds through, including Iowa and Illinois, Arkansas and Tenne… Description. [7] There are variations in the specific terminology of maritime boundary agreements which have been concluded since the 1970s. Cards Return to Set Details. The study of human political organization of the earth. 9th Grade. Coast Pilot, Photo 70: Maritime Zones and Boundaries, including limits of territorial sea, contiguous zone, EEZ and continental shelf. A Vocabulary List for AP Human Geography Martha Sharma Retired teacher Hilton Head, South Carolina Unit IV. Violent clashes in these disputed waters include what are known as the first Yeonpyeong incident, the second Yeonpyeong incident, and the Bombardment of Yeonpyeong. The only international strait for which the U.S. is unquestionably a strait State is the Bering Strait, which connects the Bering Sea in the Pacific Ocean to the Chukchi Sea in the Arctic Ocean. Although in some countries the … Created by mbleffish. 01/08/2012. LOSC art. AP Human Geography Vocabulary Terms from Unit 1. There are many different types of boundaries. A boundary is a real or imaginary line that separates two things. This concept is the study of how the human evolution of our culture has affected environmental processes and systems. (2001). 229, 236 n. 6 (CIT 1988). Freeman & Co. – Chapter 6 • An Introduction to Human Geography by Pearson – Chapter 8 • Human Geography: People, Place, and Culture by Wiley Press – Chapter 8 This GIS map has been cross-referenced to material in sections of chapters from these texts. The seaward boundaries of Florida (Gulf of Mexico coast only), Texas, and Puerto Rico extend nine nautical miles from the coast line. Ships in transit passage must comply with the duties set forth in LOSC article 39, which include proceeding without delay and refraining from any activities other than those incident to their normal modes of continuous and expeditious transit. [5], The terms boundary, frontier and border are often used as if they were interchangeable, but they are also terms with precise meanings. In the Great Lakes, each U.S. state’s seaward boundary may extend to the international maritime boundary with Canada. International Boundaries: A Geopolitical Atlas, "Maritime Jurisdiction in the Three China Seas," p. 3, UC Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation. [12] The evaluation of historic rights are governed by distinct legal regimes in customary international law, including research and analysis based on. This is explained by an array of factors, some of which involve regional problems. isolated language. Exclusive Economic Zone of the United States. from the baseline except when the space between two countries is less than 400 nm. Multilateral treaties and documents describing the baselines of countries can be found on the website of the United Nations. International Frontiers and Boundaries: Law, Politics and Geography. [11], The concept of maritime boundaries is a relatively new concept. § 1312. A baseline of a country can be the low water line, a straight baseline (a line that encloses bays, estuaries, inland waters,...) or a combination of the two. The limits of these zones are officially depicted on NOAA nautical charts. The portion of a coastal State's continental shelf that lies beyond the 200 nm limit is often called the extended continental shelf. A neutral state between two warring states serving to prevent conflict. Web Site Owner: NOAA Office of General Counsel, Determination of the U.S. National Baseline, State Practice in Delimiting Maritime Zones, U.S. Maritime Zones and the Determination of the National Baseline, Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, Letter to Certain Foreign Ministers of November 8, 1793, The Three-Mile Limit of Territorial Seas: A Brief History (1972), Reagan Extends Territorial Waters to 12 Miles, Freedom of Navigation and Territorial Seas (May 18, 2015), Notifications of Suspension of Innocent Passage, (64 Fed. The U.S.-Russia maritime boundary proceeds north and south of the Bering Strait from the mid-point between Little Diomede Island and Big Diomede Island. Most people chose this as the best definition of geographic-boundary-data: (Data West Research Agenc... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. LOSC art. Special rules for determining the baseline apply in a variety of circumstances, such as with bays, ports, mouths of rivers, deeply indented coastlines, fringing reefs, and roadsteads. Additional reference information: Internal waters are the waters on the landward side of the baseline from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured. built environment definition ap human geography, Seth Dixon's insight: In the 2017 APHG exam, there was a question that dealt with new urbanism and walkability. Consistent with these rules, the U.S. baselines are the mean of the lower low tides as depicted on th… Level 2 Geography: Its Nature and Perspectives Learn these words 105 words 0 ignored Ready to learn Ready to review Ignore words. For a description of the various U.S. maritime zones, as well as the Three Nautical Mile Line and Natural Resource Boundary, see the NOAA Coast Pilot (Chapter 1 in each volume) or review the information available on NOAA's link to download limits of the  U.S. Maritime Limits & Boundaries (source information for the NOAA nautical charts.) On one hand, the boundary line created by the United Nations ("A") reflects the geographic features of the coastal baseline. 3 (April 1965), Presidential Proclamation No. [2] Generally, a maritime boundary is delineated at a particular distance from a jurisdiction's coastline. 6, Supp. Maritime Regime Building: Lessons Learned and Their Relevance for Northeast Asia, Law of the Sea and Maritime Jurisdiction Project. Maritime boundaries exist in the context of territorial waters, contiguous zones, and exclusive economic zones; however, the terminology does not encompass lake or river boundaries, which are considered within the context of land boundaries. Term Definition; Fieldwork: The study of geographic phenomena by visiting places and observing how people interact with and thereby change those places: Human Geography: The spatial analysis of human population, its cultures, activities and landscapes : Globalization: The expansion of economic, political, and cultural processes to the point … Click here to study/print these flashcards. Note: Since the "coast line," a term used in the Submerged Lands Act, 43 U.S.C. Total Cards. Click here to study/print these flashcards. Political Geography. There is conflict over where exactly the border is between the U.S. and Mexico, especially along the Rio Grande because the river has changed course and moved, and it is the traditional border. The U.S. generally recognizes claims of foreign nations to an EEZ. Exclusive Economic Zone—the area extending 200 nm. Although the Bering Strait is 44 nautical miles wide at the narrowest point between the U.S. and Russian mainlands (Cape Prince of Wales, Alaska, and Cape Dezhneva, Siberia), Little Diomede Island (U.S.) and Big Diomede Island (Russia) are located midway between Cape Prince of Wales and Cape Dezhneva. Some maritime boundaries have remained indeterminate despite efforts to clarify them. For the official description of the U.S. maritime boundaries with other nations contact the U.S. Department of State. Main article: Maritime boundary A maritime border is a division enclosing an area in the ocean where a nation has exclusive rights over the mineral and biological resources, encompassing maritime features, limits … is approximately 7.7 million km2 (square kilometers), NOAA: Privacy Policy | [1], Contemporary negotiations have produced tripoint and quadripoint determinations. Reg. Many disputes have been resolved through negotiations,[16] but not all of them. Create your own flash cards! The conditions under which a state may establish such baseline are described in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). (NOAA Coastal Services Center). The Audiopedia Recommended for you Political Geography. This family includes Swahili, the lingua franca in Africa, used by many to communicate as a second language, due to so many different native languages. AP Human Geography Chapter 8. For example, in the 1982 Australia–France Marine Delimitation Agreement, for the purposes of drawing the treaty's equidistant lines it was assumed that France has sovereignty over Matthew and Hunter Islands, a territory that is also claimed by Vanuatu. Photo 69: Maritime Zones  2667, Policy of the United States With Respect to the Natural Resources of the Subsoil and Sea Bed of the Continental Shelf (10 Fed. An e-brochure of the Strategic Plan, The National Effort to Establish the Full Extent of the Continental Shelf of the United States, is available through, Law of the Sea Convention, 1994 Letters of Transmittal and Submittal and Commentary, Proclamation 5928 of December 27, 1988, Territorial Sea of the United States of America (, Restatement (Third) of Foreign Relations Law § 513 (1987). Boundary origin: Boundaries often originated from old tribal lands and lands won in war. Boundary disputes: Conflicts over the location, size, and extent of borders between nations. maritime boundary. The U.S. EEZ overlaps its claimed 12 nm - 24 nm contiguous zone. 5030 of March 10, 1983). Proceedings of the 14th Biennial Coastal Zone Conference, 2005. Each coastal State may claim a territorial sea that extends seaward up to 12 nautical miles (nm) from its baselines. Real Geography. border between Malaysia and Indonesia) Textbook. The definitions have been provided for you on this sheet with each term in the list below. Proclamation 5030 of March 10, 1983. More difficult for people in remote areas to integrate with rest of the state. a boundary that ceases to exist, however the imprint of the boundary still remains on the cultural landscape. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. (NOAA Office of Coast Survey), Each coastal State may claim an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) beyond and adjacent to its territorial sea that extends seaward up to 200 nm from its baselines (or out to a maritime boundary with another coastal State). Free flashcards to help memorize facts about Boundaries Vocabulary. The ambits of these boundaries encompass overlapping jurisdictional claims. 9 (Pacific and Arctic Coasts Alaska: Cape Spencer to Beaufort Sea) (2014, 32nd ed. The terms "frontier", "borderland" and "border" are zones of indeterminate width. Although in some countries the term maritime boundary represents borders of a maritime nation[3] that are recognized by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, maritime borders usually serve to identify the edge of international waters. ", "NLL—Controversial Sea Border Between S.Korea, DPRK, ", "The deadly secret of China's invisible armada". Start studying AP Human Geography Language. 48701 (August 8, 1999)) (extending seaward limit of the Contiguous Zones from 12 to 24 nm from the baseline), Presidential Proclamation No. In 1999, eleven years after President Reagan extended the U.S. territorial sea to 12 miles, President Clinton proclaimed a contiguous zone extending from 12 to 24 nm offshore (Presidential Proclamation No. 42. ), Sailing Directions (Planning Guide) ARCTIC OCEAN, Total areas under national jurisdiction excluding extended continental shelves beyond 200 nm. antecedent boundaries: Definition. from the baseline. The breadth of the territorial sea, contiguous zone, and EEZ  (and in some cases the continental shelf)  is measured from the baseline determined in accordance with customary international law as reflected in the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention. 37, 38. Creating ownership over a defined space Can be your backyard or an entire country 2. Definition of a ‘boundary ’ –Vertical plane that cuts through the subsoil and the airspace above, divided one state territory from another Therefore, we aren’t just talking about the signs we see that separate states; we are talking about airspace, water, minerals, resources, etc. a boundary that follows a country's coastline 12 miles into the ocean. Read these flashcards and learn about human geography and take the quiz to see what you learned. Makes communication difficult. Consistent with these rules, the U.S. baselines are the mean of the lower low tides as depicted on the largest scale NOAA nautical charts. Total Cards. The boundary runs in a roughly north–south direction and then turns and runs west–east until it almost reaches the 170th meridian east. Study political organization at three scales Supranational National (country) Subnational (local) 1. Additionally, in order to control trafficking in archaeological and historical objects found at sea, a coastal State may presume that their removal from the seabed of the contiguous zone without its consent is unlawful. fortified boundary. Term. 34. [15] An example of this may be reviewed in the context of the ongoing Kuwait-Iraq maritime dispute over the Khawr Abd Allah waterway. Additional Geography Flashcards . | Contact Webmaster | Website Satisfaction Survey AP Human Geography Lang and Religion All of the following are Latin-based Romance languages except. Meredith A. Westington and Matthew J. Slagel. Primary tabs. Region: Definition & Types ... Functional regions are those which are connected to a centralized focal point. All None Ignore? LOSC art. Developments in the Technical Determination of Maritime Space, "Factbox: What is the Korean Northern Limit Line? The boundaries of these maritime zones between coastal States are established through international agreements entered into by those nations. Cards Return to Set Details. Mongolia, between Russia and China) Google Definitions. Ignored words will never appear in any learning session. As a measure of comparison, the mass of the contiguous United States (all states except Alaska and Hawaii)  Terms : Hide Images. Presidential Proclamation 7219 of August 2, 1999, Contiguous Zone of the United States. International straits are those areas of overlapping 12 nautical mile territorial seas that connect one area of the high seas or EEZ to another area of the high seas or EEZ and are used for international navigation. AP Human Geography (Mr. Blevins Chapter 5 Test) at Apopka. Climate Lang [1], For example, the Australia–France Marine Delimitation Agreement establishes ocean boundaries between Australia and New Caledonia in the Coral Sea (including the boundary between Australia's Norfolk Island and New Caledonia). for, aphg chapter 6 review - ap human geography chapter 6 review 5. dialect chains 6. isogloss 7 ap human geography 40. hawaii is an example of state that is. 12/01/2010 . [1] The historical record is a backdrop for evaluating border issues. NOT A STATE. A boundary that was drawn across an area prior to the area becoming substantially-populated (e.g. The Rio Grande forms a large part of the boundary between Mexico and the United States. Part III of the Law of the Sea Convention (articles 34-45) describes the regime for transit passage through such straits as well as the rights and jurisdiction of the States bordering it. They may also adopt laws and regulations relating to transit passage in respect of certain activities, such as fishing. The attention accorded this subject has evolved beyond formerly-conventional norms like the three-mile limit. 11906 (June 15, 1972), consistent with the 1958 UN Convention on the Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone. AP Human Geography . TOPONYM RESOLUTION meaning - Duration: 2:14. [1], In the case of overlapping zones, the boundary is presumed to conform to the equidistance principle or it is explicitly described in a multilateral treaty. Source: UNEP/GRID-Arendal, Continental Shelf: The Last Maritime Zone (2011) at 28. The transit passage regime does not otherwise affect the legal status of the waters forming an international strait, or the exercise of sovereignty or jurisdiction by the bordering States over the waters, air space, seabed and subsoil of the strait. The U.S. has claimed a continental shelf that extends out at least 200 nm (Presidential Proclamation No. What is TOPONYM RESOLUTION? Political Geography. What are two examples of this type of region? Transit passage is the right of a ship or aircraft to transit, pass or navigate through an international strait in a continuous and expeditious manner. chapter 5 ap human geography. Subject. There are exceptions; therefore, the Three Nautical Mile Line does not necessarily depict the seaward boundaries of all U.S. states in all circumstances under the Submerged Lands Act. Notes taken in Chapter 5 of AP Human Geography. (See below for further information on the Three Nautical Mile Line and the Natural Resources Boundary.). 7219, August 2, 1999), consistent with Article 33 of the Law of the Sea Convention. AP Human Geography - Political Organization of Space (Unit 4) Flashcards. UN Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea. Inland waters—the zone inside the baseline. Note: Under certain U.S. fisheries laws, such as the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, the term EEZ is defined as having an inner boundary that is coterminous with the seaward (or outer) boundary of each of the individual coastal states of the U.S. See 16 U.S.C. Demystifying the Maritime Zones and Other Marine Boundaries on NOAA'S Nautical Charts. The U.S. claimed a 12 nm territorial sea in 1988 (Presidential Proclamation No. Territorial sea—the zone extending 12 nm. Rivers are common boundaries between nations, states, and smaller political units such as counties. Accessibility | Disclaimer | Term. 41. An isogloss is. 5928, December 27, 1988). View (active tab) Flashcards; Learn; Scatter; Printer Friendly . • The Human Mosaic: A Thematic Introduction to Cultural Geography by W.H. Place your numbered cards … LOSC. So I put out a call to the AP Human Geography Reader page where I knew there would be some quality people to help me out. It coincides with the inner limit of the outer continental shelf under the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act. he U.S. claimed a 200 nm EEZ in 1983 (Presidential Proclamation No. The maritime zones recognized under international law include internal waters, the territorial sea, the contiguous zone, the exclusive economic zone(EEZ), the continental shelf, the high seas and the Area. It consists of 21 straight-line maritime segments defined by 22 individual coordinate points forming a modified equidistant line between the two territories.[11]. [9], The limits of maritime boundaries are expressed in polylines and in polygon layers of sovereignty and control,[10] calculated from the declaration of a baseline. The Plate Tectonics chapter of this Human Geography Help and Review course is the simplest way to master plate tectonics. As such, it usually bounds areas of exclusive national rights over mineral and biological resources,[1] encompassing maritime features, limits and zones. Other activities to help include hangman, crossword, word scramble, games, matching, quizes, and tests. The process of establishing "positional" borders encompasses the distinction between previously resolved and never-resolved controversies. Proclamation 5928 of December 27, 1988. Congressional Research Service, Legal Sidebar. Geography. Description. Total Cards. FOIA | Maritime Boundaries a conceptual means of division of the water surface of the planet into maritime areas that are defined through surrounding physical geography or by human geography Median Lines Sign up here. Contain several discontinuous pieces of territory. 40. Landlocked countries have some very unique issues that they have to deal with. In general, every boundary dispute can be classified… Skip to content. 55. Donaldson, John and Alison Williams. AP Human Geography Vocabulary Apartheid: a legal system that was the physical separation of different races into different geographic areas My definition: separation of people in South Africa based on race Example: There were apartheid laws in South Africa between around 1950 to 1994. In its contiguous zone, a coastal State may exercise the control necessary to prevent the infringement of its customs, fiscal, immigration or sanitary laws and regulations within its territory or territorial sea, and punish infringement of those laws and regulations committed within its territory or territorial sea. Next. This helped give me some validation that I was teaching the whole “evolution” of boundary concept in the right way. The coastal State exercises sovereignty over its territorial sea, the airspace above it, and the seabed and subsoil beneath it. Shapes of States . In a very small area, this represents a unique illustration of differences in mapping and delineation strategies. physical barrier constructed by the state to either keep people in or out of their territory. | [1], The zones of maritime boundaries are expressed in concentric limits surrounding coastal and feature baselines.
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