The show was held at the International Amphitheater adjacent to the Chicago Stockyards. Railroad yard at the rear of the Union Stock Yards. The Stockyards continued to enjoy prosperity and market domination into the first half of the twentieth century. The Great Union Stock Yards and Packing Houses, Chicago, Ill., George W. Griffith (American, active Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1900s), 1905, Gelatin silver print, Reimagined by Gibon, design of warm cheerful glowing of brightness and light rays radiance. There are world records for nearly everything, including cattle processing. The history of the stockyards is the subject of Dominic Pacyga's "Slaughterhouse: Chicago's Union Stock Yard and the World it Made." Photo: Corbis Images By Robert K. Landers. 1818: State of Illinois admitted into the Union 4. On this date in 1971, Chicago's Union Stock Yards closed. 1906. Reproduction of photographic print, photographer unknown. On Christmas Day 1865, what became known as the Union Stockyards opened; it was the consolidation of several smaller stockyards in the city. Chicago stockyards ca. Just a few years later in 1852 the opening of the Michigan Central and Michigan Southern Railroads opened up eastern markets to the Chicago slaughterhouses. Photography inspired by futurism, embracing dynamic energy of modern technology, movement, … Overhead general view of the Chicago Stockyards Undated Photograph circa 1900 BPA 2. Chicago/Turabian Fort Worth Star-Telegram Collection, University of Texas at Arlington Libraries. Legal Context | C $6.56. Notes - Wittemann Collection. The Union Stock Yard & Transit Co., or "The Yards," was the meatpacking district in Chicago for more than a century, starting in 1865. In 1883, a Wyoming cattle baron, Alexander Hamilton Swan, was coming back from a sales trip to the Chicago Stockyards when he stopped in Omaha for a break. Chicago 1900 became the central home of the American industry and small companies began merging with one another. 1900] Notes: Photo by Ray Stannard Baker. Reproduction of photograph, photographer unknown. 1900] Notes: Photo by Ray Stannard Baker. The Great Union Stock Yards and Packing Houses, Chicago, Ill., George W. Griffith (American, active Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1900s), 1905, Gelatin silver print, Reimagined by Gibon, design of warm cheerful glowing of brightness and light rays radiance. 1865: Chicago Union Stockyards completed 1868: Field and Leiter open a store (later Marshall Fields) at State Street and Washington Avenue 1868: Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens founded For two months in 1904, Sinclair wandered the Chicago stockyards – a place he would write of as "Packingtown." Originally, the area was just wetlands until channels were dredged. View of a railroad yard at the rear of the Union Stock Yards in Chicago, Illinois, showing various large storage buildings, railroad tracks and piles of lumber and building materials. Source: ICHi-16072. The stockyards and the railroads were intertwined in physical fact and in social and cultural development. Description: The Pork Packers Plant strike at Chicago, IL. General view of the Great Union Stock Yards, looking north-west of the packing house, Chicago, Ill., U.S.A., still image, Stereographs, 1850 - 1930. The Union Stock Yard & Transit Co., or The Yards, was the meatpacking district in Chicago for more than a century, starting in 1865. One of the reasons for the success is that, by 1900, "chilled beef" was being sold for 30 percent less than beef from live cattle. The 450-acre site contained thousands of wooden animal pens, barns, haylofts, slaughterhouses, packing plants, and warehouses owned and operated by more than 100 separate meatpacking businesses. Sinclair's primary purpose in describing the meat industry and its working conditions was to advance socialism in the United States. Date: 1905. The Union Stockyard and Transit Company, known commonly as The Chicago Stockyards, was a major industrial hub in Chicago for more than a century. "North Side Coliseum, Fort Worth Stockyards." Reproduction of photograph; photographer unknown. Chicago’s Stockyards. NEW SEARCH..... AMERICAN MEMORY HOMEPAGE. Before 1784: DuSable first arrives in Chicago 4. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Source: ICHi-32961. It was populated by a series of native tribes who maintained villages in the forested areas near rivers. A fierce rival of Chicago's Union Stock Yards, the Omaha Union Stockyards were third in the United States for production by 1890. Bookmark /2004679598/ Bookmark:2004679598 Bookmark:2004679598. UTA Libraries Digital Gallery. 3: The Rise of a Modern City, 1871-1893), Moran's Dictionary of Chicago and Its Vicinity, The Workers: an Experiment in Reality: The West. General view of the Great Union Stock Yards, looking north-west of the packing house, Chicago, Ill., U.S.A., still image, Stereographs, 1850 - 1930. 1885. The maps portray a city where much that was true of Chicago in the 1890s remained the case. - Stockyards--Illinois--Chicago--1900-1910 Headings Gelatin silver prints--1900-1910. The following years witnessed a boom in independent slaughterhouses, yet the explosion of the industry exceeded the capacities of the existing facilities. https://explore.chicagocollections.org/ead/uic/25/v893/, Daley Library Special Collections and University Archives, Daley Library, Room 3-330, 801 S. Morgan St. Source: ICHi-52217. Title [Stockyards, Chicago(?)] On Christmas day in 1865, the stockyards opened for business. Omaha steps up. The novel portrays the harsh conditions and exploited lives of immigrants in the United States in Chicago and similar industrialized cities. 1904 July 7-Sept. 9. With the spreading service of railroads, several small stockyards were created in and around the City of Chicago. Though this blaze became infamous, fires at the Stockyards were not uncommon. 1830: Thompson draws first plat map of Chicago 5. That fall, during a remarkable three-month span, more than 1.3 million cattle passed through the As Chicago became a railroad hub, the … Photographs from the Chicago Daily News, 1902-1933 Subject Index The new tracks made some farmers want to live west of the Mississippi. Chicago Stockyards in 1880 Chicago Union Stockyards 1865-1900 In the 1860’s, railroad tracks were built in states west of the Mississippi River. Its position in the development and maintenance of the Chicago economy helped position the city as the center of the American meat industry. Title: [Cattle pen in Chicago Stockyards, ca. At the time, a young film student, Mark Mamalakis, went to the yards to capture the end of an era. Opened in 1865, Chicago's Union Stock Yard was the greatest livestock market the world had seen. Home | Chicago History Museum. Date: November 20, 1886. Description: Workers at Horn Brothers Furniture Company, before the strike. pic 2 Description: Union stockyards from 'Views of Chicago and Vicinity;' Chicago, IL. Date: n.d. Workers at Horn Brothers Furniture Company, before the strike. Tourists watched masses of animals move through kill floors, a sight hailed as a … Chicago Stockyards in 1880 Chicago Union Stockyards 1865-1900 In the 1860’s, railroad tracks were built in states west of the Mississippi River. Source: ICHi-13188. C $9.12 . Created / Published [between 1900 and 1950] Subject Headings - Meat industry--United States--1900-1950 - Stockyards--United States--1900-1910 Format Headings Photographic prints--1900-1910. The meat packers gathered their businesses next to the stockyards by the South Fork of the Chicago River. The Union Stockyards of Omaha, Nebraska were founded in 1883 in South Omaha by the Union Stock Yards Company of Omaha. Shortly after this time, changes in technology and urban industries began to shake the market hold and competitiveness of the Stockyards. The district was operated by a group of railroad companies that acquired swampland and turned it into a centralized processing area. C $9.12. The Union Stock Yards in Chicago in 1878; Union Stock Yards Aerial 1900 Before construction of the various private stockyards, tavern owners provided pastures and care for cattle herds waiting to be sold. [Stockyards, Chicago(?)] Date: ca. In 1864, an association of nine railroad companies purchased a 320-acre plot of land on the Southwest side of Chicago to establish a consolidated facility. Reproduction of photomechanical print, printer unknown. Union stockyards from 'Views of Chicago and Vicinity.' Materials in this collection highlight a portion of the Stockyards activities and business affairs from 1890 - 1970, with the bulk of the materials spanning 1930 - 1960. Historical Context | For generations of workers and owners – and the thousands of people providing goods and services supported by them â the stockyards were the physical and cultural heart of Chicago. Date: 1893. I 1812: Battle of Fort Dearborn 3. The Great Union Stock Yards of Chicago incorporated space for over 200,000 live animals, to be processed through slaughter houses, meat processing, and for derivative products. ICHi-15014. This record contains unverified, old data from caption card. Chicago, 1900-1914. CLIP IS AVAILABLE ON A VARIETY OF FORMATS HD/SD PLEASE EMAIL FOR INFO. Reproduction of photograph, photographer unknown. Date: ca. Though this blaze became infamous, fires at the Stockyards were not uncommon. The stockyards wer owned by the Union Stock Yard & Transit Company and were located in the New City community. Tens of thousands of skilled and unskilled immigrants from rural and small town America, from Europe, Germany, Russia, and Italy came to work in the stockyards. Description: Union Stockyards gate with men standing to side; Chicago, IL. An Armour and Company building, a Swift and Company building, a bridge and smoke billowing from smokestacks are visible in the background. The problem was, that they still had not penetrated the European market. By 1900, the stockyards had grown to 475 acres and employed over 1000 people. View of livestock pens and workers herding sheep at the Union Stock Yard Chicago IL ca1910. Officially opening on … The Union Stockyards, famously documented in Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle, … From United States. Description: Big sewer entering Bubble Creek Branch; Chicago, IL. Date: 1890's. Chicago, this is the most awesome thing you will see today! Chicago, Union Stock Yard, 1900. The slaughterhouses got their livestock from Chicago's Union Stockyards: 475 acres of cattle, hogs and other animals shipped here from all over the country. Stereographs--1900-1910. Reproduction of postcard, printer - V O Hammon Publishing Company. 1902. By 1940, a total of 896,000,000 animals had moved through the complex. Union fights and strikes began and ended there. The Jungle is a 1906 novel by the American journalist and novelist Upton Sinclair (1878–1968). The Union Stockyard and Transit Company, known commonly as The Chicago Stockyards, was a major industrial hub in Chicago for more than a century. Exchange Street, 200 feet west of the main entrance to the Union Stockyards. Crowd, including women and children, gathered along a road with police and horse-drawn carriages during the 1904 Stockyards Strike. Photographs from the Chicago Daily News, 1902-1933 Subject Index Thus, Chicago's Big Three packers—Philip Armour, Gustavus Swift, and Nelson Morris—were in a position to influence livestock prices at one end of this complex industrial chain and the price of meat products at the other end. Officially opening on … Before construction of the various private stockyards, tavern owners provided pastures and care for cattle herds waiting to be sold. Click on the links below to access scans of some of the sheet maps of Chicago from the years between 1900 and the onset of World War I that are held at the University of Chicago Library's Map Collection. The booming of "The Yards" helped increase jobs. Photo : Corbis Images By Robert K. Landers. 1. By the turn of the last century there were only five or six mammoth meatpacking companies, and they controlled the majority of meatpacking in America. "The Jungle" exposed the horrors of the meatpacking industry. Chicago History Museum. Source: ICHi-29983. In 1848, a stockyard called the Bulls Head Market was opened to the public. Date: ca. The Stockyards continued to decline for the next few decades, and eventually closed their doors in 1971. Click on the links below to access scans of some of the sheet maps of Chicago from the years between 1900 and the onset of World War I that are held at the University of Chicago Library's Map Collection.