Efficiency questions deal with energy and the ratio of the total change in energy of a process versus the work put into the process. ... GCSE Physics Questions - SCIENCE WITH HAZEL - Duration: 10:11. At night, the light beam from a torch is shone into a swimming pool along the line TSA. A very inefficient device will waste most of its input energy. What energy transfer happens in many musical instruments? 8. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. For example, in this question, it is unlikely tha… Designed by teachers to help you revise & pass your exams. Q) A handyman is using an electric sander with a rechargeable battery. D 100% (1 Mark) b) Each square metre of the solar panel receives 500 W. The area of the panel is 5m 2.How much energy falls on the panel in 2 hours? Here are the problems: Problem 1: If the block (load) supported by the … Science with Hazel 3,954 views. What is the input energy of the diesel fuel? In a hot water system water is heated by burning gas in a boiler. Which arrow is bigger in a Sankey diagram for a filament lamp? There is a Foundation (marked L) and Higher set. He charges up the sander with 2500J. Can you rearrange the equation to calculate the temperature difference? T / I Solution : No packages or subscriptions, pay only for the time you need. Consider a hairdryer that consumes 1000 J of electrical energy, but it only produces 350 J of heat, that is a useful form of energy, from that machine. Efficiency Exam Question | 9-1 GCSE Physics | OCR, AQA, Edexcel SnapRevise. What is one of the reasons for building wind turbines a few miles out to sea? Which type of appliance would convert electrical energy into sound energy? 1. It should require 20J of energy to sand each m² of surface. Back to Science for Kids If the voltage across the primary is 220 V and current in the primary is 0.5 A, then the current in secondary is Energy efficiency is how Back to Science for Kids An inefficient system is one where most of the energy ends up in forms that weren’t wanted. Isaac Physics a project designed to offer support and activities in physics problem solving to teachers and students from GCSE level through to university. Gravity is a conservative force, so to calculate the work needed requires the starting and ending height of the piano. For the input work, the family pushes the piano across planks. Get help with your Power in physics homework. Efficiency Question -- Physics? The efficiency of a device is the proportion of the energy supplied that is transferred in useful ways. Turbines are easier to maintain off shore. For Free. The energy of the air hitting the blades of the windmills 2 v1 4Y11 Cambridge IGCSE Physics – past paper questions and answers Light . A family uses several planks to slide a 350 kg piano onto the back of a pickup truck. Athletes who compete in downhill skiing try to lose as little . An Carnot engine absorbs heat at high temperature 800 Kelvin and efficiency of the Carnot engine is 50%. Provide details and share your research! 2 ... Jan works out the efficiency of one of the windmills. g, the acceleration of gravity is a constant 9.8 m/s2). Efficiency may be given as a ratio or as a percentage. Our tips from experts and exam survivors will help you through. Sign in, choose your GCSE subjects and see content that's tailored for you. (useful energy out ÷ total energy in) × 100, (total energy out ÷ useful energy in) x 100. A water pump is run by an electric motor with a power of 750 watts. Known : If high temperature (T H) = 800 K , efficiency (e) = 50% = 0.5 . Most questions answered within 4 hours. In the sciences, though, energy efficiency gets a bit more technical. An average force of magnitude 1500 N is required to slide the piano up the planks. Read about our approach to external linking. Revise energy transfers and use sankey diagrams to calculate the efficiency of these conversions with BBC Bitesize GCSE Physics. The goal of this problem is to raise the piano against the force of gravity. Thus, the energy efficiency is the output of the energy which we divide by the energy input and then express it in a percentage form. she arrives at the bottom, she has a speed of 23 m/s. Work is calculated as a force through a distance, or W = FΔs. GCSE Physics Question and Answers 2020/2021 All copyright and publishing rights are owned by S-cool. What is the efficiency of the water pump? Calculate the efficiency of the planks as a simple machine to load the piano. 7. A family uses several planks to slide a 350 kg piano onto the back of a pickup truck. The best way to remember the information in this chapter is to get a pen and paper and write down your answers before clicking on the Answer link which will take you to the correct page.. You may have to read through some of the page before you find the answer. AQA GCSE (9-1) Physics exam questions organised by topic with model answers. For gravity, the force F is equal to mg (m, the mass of the piano, is 350 kg. Thanks for contributing an answer to Physics Stack Exchange! A diesel engine, which is 25% efficient, is generating electrical energy and is able to light three 100 J lamps at the same time. The wind speed is constant over the sea. energy as possible. Use MathJax to format equations. Physicists throw around abstract numbers like 90%, whereas when discussing combustion engines, they use numbers less than 40%. An old incandescent light bulb is inefficient because only a small amount of … Graded practise questions on energy efficiency. 65 m hill and skis to the bottom as fast as possible. The electric engine is most efficient. Calculating the ratio of output/input gives the efficiency, % = Out/In = 2778.3J/4500J = .617 = 61.7%. I was doing these physics problems and I am not sure why the actual answer is what it says. A transformer of efficiency 90% has turns ratio 10 : 1. A heat engine is a device that converts heat to work. How do we calculate percentage efficiency? In other words, it is like comparing the output of the energy to the input of the energy in any given system. In the work formula W = FΔs, the force is given as F = 1500N. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found at Physics: Energy. What is the energy used to heat this block? He checks his work and finds he has actually covered 100m². if you could answer this question i'd be very grateful! This force is applied across the length of the planks, which are 3m long, so Δs = 3m. Access the answers to hundreds of Power in physics questions that are explained in a way that's easy for you to understand. Instead of striking the bottom of the pool at A, the beam travels to B, as shown on Fig. The property of a moving object to continue moving is what Galileo called CORE questions . I'm having difficulty with this question can someone please help. Physics efficiency question. Eg. Physics Efficiency Question. The rest was likely lost as heat. Please be sure to answer the question. Extension questions 6. Revision Questions. C 71%. For every 111 J of energy released from the gas, 100 J of energy is absorbed by the water in the boiler. Home Economics: Food and Nutrition (CCEA). 9. The change in distance Δs through which gravity works is the change in height, 81 cm or .81m. Power (P) is the word used to describe the rate at which work is done (or energy is transformed).Power may be confused by thinking that a more powerful machine does more work.This is not true. So for the 4500J of work the family used to push the piano, 61.7% of it was used to move it against the force of gravity. Similarly… Tick onebox. Electric motors are very efficient at converting electricity into work. Wanted : High temperature (T H) if efficiency (e) = 80% = 0.8. Core 1 . The box on the back of the truck is 81 cm above the ground and the planks are 3.0 m long. Choose an expert and meet online. Power in Physics. The length of the arm is .6 meters (2 feet). The diagram shows what happens to the Sun's radiation when it falls on a panel of solar cells. 2. Energy Transfer. GCSE Physics Revision Science Section covering efficiency and the equation for power and efficiency. First created in 2000 and updated in 2013, 2015 & 2020. Efficiency is basically measuring how much work or energy we can conserve in a process. What is the high temperature to increase efficiency to 80% if the low temperature kept constant. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found at Physics: Power. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Physics: Energy webquest print page. What is the main useful energy transfer that happens in cars? There are no hills to restrict air flow. Carter H. Schematically it can be represented as: An average force of magnitude 1500 N is required to slide the piano up the planks. Multiplying these variables out, the result for output is W = FΔs = mgΔh = 350kg * 9.8 m/s2 * .81m = 2778.3J. (show working +formula). What is the useful energy outpost, how much energy does the water pump actually use? My physics teacher wants us to calculate the efficiency of out catapults. Get a free answer to a quick problem. In Physics II.3 and Metaphysics V.2, Aristotle holds that there are four kinds of answers to "why" questions: Matter (the material cause of a change or movement): The aspect of the change or movement that is determined by the material that composes the moving or changing things. If you tick more than the specified number, you will get no marks. IT is used to pump water from a reservoir up to a height of 37 m and into a water tower at a rate of 1.48kg of water per second. What is the energy needed to heat the pipe? An LED light bulb is efficient because most of the electrical energy (90%) ends up as light. Eg. Efficiency is a measure of how much useful energy is converted. B 36%. A 250g copper pipe is heated from 10°C to 31°C. A 20kg concrete block is at 20°C and is heated to 65°C. At the end of three hours, the rechargeable battery is exhausted. An explanation and a step by step process would help me to know how to complete these problems and succeed in future work. With multiple-choice questions like this, be careful to tick the correct number of boxes – in this case, just one. You have probably heard the words 'energy efficiency' in connection with using energy efficient appliances for financial and environmental benefit. If you don’t know the correct answer immediately, try to rule out other options. Sheets are designed to copied two to an A4 page. I am working in a competition about simple machines and efficiency problems keep tripping me up. The mass of the tennis ball we are launching is 57g, and the horizontal distance it traveled is 16 meters. For instance, we see that in a number of procedures, we lose work or energy like waste heator vibration. a) calculate the percentage efficiency of the boiler. a) What is the overall efficiency of the transfer of light energy from the Sun to electrical energy? Since energy cannot be created, efficiency can never be greater than 100%. What type of energy is also called movement? But avoid … Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. A link to the app was sent to your phone. answered • 06/09/20, Physics Undergrad with Research Experience. I'm new to efficiency, and my physics notes doesn't provide an example of this type of question. Start here or give us a call: (312) 646-6365, © 2005 - 2020 Wyzant, Inc. - All Rights Reserved, a Question These conversions can be shown in Sankey diagrams. Markscheme is provided (Foundation questions are included in the same set). When . For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Physics: Power webquest print page. What type of diagram is used to show energy efficiency? It takes heat from a reservoir then does some work like moving a piston, lifting weight etc and finally discharging some of the heat energy into the sink. What is the main type of energy transfer in a catapult? The box on the back of the truck is 81 cm above the ground and the planks are 3.0 m long. 3. The total work is W = FΔs = 1500N * 3m = 4500J. Tes Global Ltd is registered in England (Company No 02017289) with its registered office … Energy cannot be created or destroyed, only converted from one form to another. This website and its content is subject to our Terms and Conditions. she gave us a formula, but it doesn't work. 2. A skier starts from rest at the top of a . A 15%. The hot water is then stored in a tank. [1 mark] 1.