The many southern seaports and riverside docks allowed shipping cotton to remote destinations. Cotton played a major role in the success of the American South as well as its demise during the Civil War. Without the South's obsession with cotton, it is hard to imagine that the Civil War would have occurred at all. African cotton is mostly grown by smallholder farmers and is hand-picked, which ensures its good quality. At first, the development of cotton mill was considered as a … By making cotton a profitable crop, Whitney basically strengthened the foundation of slavery in the United States. This increased the demand for slaves. The South does not precisely coincide with the geographic south of the United States but is commonly defined as including the states that fought for the Confederate States of America in the American Civil War. (This paper has been written by Elfrieda Pschorn-Strauss, a researcher with Biowatch South Africa. Pima cotton is grown from the same cultivar as Egyptian cotton. This climate, coupled with abundant rainfall, offered 17th- and 18th-century European settlers a superb opportunity to raise crops for export if an adequate permanent labour supply could be found. American slaves Facts about American Slavery 3: Ancient Roman winter festival The Deep South lies entirely within the southeastern corner. Antebellum South Facts 43. History. Cotton candy grass belongs to the Cypraceae family. Interesting Cotton Facts: Cotton can grow in the form of herbaceous plant, bush or tree, depending on the variety. In the South, the use of slaves became economy’s foundation. The stems are about 20 to 70 cm tall. The history of the Southern United States reaches back hundreds of years and includes the Mississippian people, well known for their mound building.European history in the region began in the very earliest days of the exploration and colonization of North America. By the beginning of the Civil War over 3 million slaves tilled the South's soil. By 1800 cotton was king. The cotton gin was a contraption that quickly separated cotton fibers from their seeds, greatly reducing the labor intensity of cotton production and increasing productivity. It grows all over the northern parts of Europe, Asia and North America. Cotton has large, green colored leaves divided in 3 to 5 lobes. They worked in the tobacco and cotton fields in 1793. Cotton is the most often used natural fiber worldwide, and thus an important component of the textile industry. For example, in 1803 alone, over 20,000 slaves were being brought into Georgia and South Carolina to work in the cotton fields. Great for home study or to use within the classroom environment. In the United States, cottontail rabbits reside all over the country, both in colder and warmer climates. Cotton usually grows 3.3 to 4.9 feet in height. Facts about American Slavery 2: The cost of a slave. In 1789, British Engineer Samuel Slater came to the newly formed United States, having memorized the designs of the highly guarded English textile mills. The habitat includes acidic wetlands and bogs. Bruce Harvey and Lynn Watson-Powers, "The Eyes of the World Are Upon Us": A Look at the Cotton States and International Exposition of 1895," Atlanta History 39 (fall/winter 1995): 5-11. This type of climate has enabled southern farmers to traditionally grow popular crops such as cotton, sugar cane and tobacco. However, his life’s work isn’t just linked with – unfortunately – slavery and the cotton crops. Cotton and Slavery Facts & Worksheets Cotton and Slavery facts and information activity worksheet pack and fact file. Cotton was the most valuable among the exports in the US, and the south produced 2/3s of the world's supply as it was much desired in the world market, it was also much … Whitney ’ s Gin In 1792 Catherine Greene, a widowed Georgia plantation owner, invited the Connecticut Yankee Eli Whitney to tutor her children on the family planation outside Savannah. This article summarises the results of five years of research undertaken by Biowatch South Africa on the socio-economic impact of Bt cotton on small-scale farmers in South Africa. The cotton economy of the South prolonged slavery as an institution and as a result helped give rise to the American Civil War. ... Eli Whitney’s cotton gin revolutionized the Deep South’s economy towards industrialization. Eli Whitney Interesting Facts 1. South: During the 1860s, it was predominantly agricultural that was dependent on sales overseas. The sweet treat looks like a cloud and tastes like all kinds of goodness. By 1860, the region was producing two-thirds of the world’s cotton. In today’s money, it was equivalent of $40,000. The name Pima comes from the Pima Native American tribe of the American Southwest who were instrumental in developing the strain from Latin American seeds.Sea Island cotton, once the longest fiber cotton grown and a staple of coastal islands off the Carolinas and Georgia, is enjoying a modest resurgence as an ELS fiber. If you don’t have respect for grown-ups, you have no home training, and life is just going to be a struggle for you. Click for more facts or worksheets. supergranto / 123RF Stock Photo. Interesting facts about cottonmouth snakes (water moccasins) 3 years ago. In 2017, the total global production of cotton amounted to some 120.86 million bales. Cultivated varieties have erect stem with multiple branches on the upper part of the stem. After Whitney unveiled his cotton gin, processing cotton became much easier, resulting in … Cotton Kingdom. The industry was given a boost invention of Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin in 1793. The benefits of cotton produced by enslaved workers extended to industries beyond the South. Sources. Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.The fiber is almost pure cellulose.Under natural conditions, the cotton bolls will increase the dispersal of the seeds. Before its invention, separating cotton fibers from its seeds was a labor-intensive and unprofitable venture. In 1850, the cost slave in America was around $340. It forms part of a comprehensive research paper on the topic that will be published later this year. #1 Cotton trade was the biggest driver of the Industrial Revolution. 10 Sweet facts about cotton candy . Talking back to an adult in the south, or not calling someone ‘sir’ or ‘ma’am’ is a one-way ticket to being punished into another generation. Though they can be found in fields, water moccasins usually reside in, along or near bodies of water. The majority of the slaves were shipped to Spanish and Portuguese colonies in South America while 6% of them went to the English plantations in North America. Cotton, however, emerged as the antebellum South’s major commercial crop, eclipsing tobacco, rice, and sugar in economic importance. Mmmm… there’s nothing quite like cotton candy. In the past, the South's involvement in the international African slave trade and the local people's relationship with American Indians and other cultures led to a variety of foods that are now considered "Southern." Includes 5 activities aimed at students 11-14 years old (KS3) & 5 activities aimed at students 14-16 year old (GCSE). Read on to find out the top 10 interesting facts about Eli Whitney! These plants are herbaceous perennial with slender leaves like grass. The cotton gin made the cotton industry of the South explode. When the cotton gin was invented in 1793, the cultivation of cotton rapidly grew from limited production in Georgia and South Carolina to the foundation of the Southern economy, with plantations extending from Texas to Maryland. After the invention of the cotton gin (1793), cotton surpassed tobacco as the dominant cash crop in the agricultural economy of the South, soon comprising more than half the total U.S. exports. Ideal conditions in the South along with an ample supply of slave labor saw the American cotton industry grow between 1750 and 1790. As cotton gained economic supremacy in the South, the North was transforming itself into an urbanized, industrial society with economic interests at variance with those of the South. By 1860, Southern plantations supplied 75% of the world's cotton, with shipments from Houston, New Orleans, Charleston, Mobile, Savannah, and a few other ports. The Deep South in the United States supplied most of the world’s cotton—in booming British factories, it was spun into fabric then sold around the empire. The American South is known for its long, hot summers, and rich soils in river valleys, making it an ideal location for growing cotton. In the antebellum era—that is, in the years before the Civil War—American planters in the South continued to grow Chesapeake tobacco and Carolina rice as they had in the colonial era. The industrial revolution in England and the invention of the cotton gin in the U.S. paved the way for the important place cotton holds in the world today. A brief history of cotton in America. Cotton played an important role in Georgia's entry into the war, its wartime experience, and its postwar efforts to rebuild. Facts about Cotton Mills 7: Factory Acts. The Factory Acts were passed in England to regulate the cotton mills for most of them provided the labors with poor conditions. ... Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas, and Virginia. Cotton made in Africa cotton has time to ripen and is harvested by hand at the right time, before being taken for further processing. King Cotton, phrase frequently used by Southern politicians and authors prior to the American Civil War, indicating the economic and political importance of cotton production. Harold E. Davis, Henry Grady's New South: Atlanta, a Brave and Beautiful City (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1990). Cotton was king in the South and its increased labor demands invigorated the institution of slavery. With the aid of a horse to turn the gin, a man could clean fifty times as much cotton as before. Get the interesting information about a type of spun sugar on Facts about Cotton Candy.The people who live in New Zealand, Bangladesh, South Africa, Canada, India, Ireland, Pakistan and United Kingdom, call it candy floss, while the people who live in Canada, India, Bangladesh and United States call it cotton candy. Cottontail rabbits are wild rabbits found all over North and South America. Because cotton needed a warm climate, the southern states of America is the ideal place to plant and harvest it. Facts about Cotton Mills 8: the spread of cotton mill. The history of cotton in America began back in 1556 when it was cultivated by American settlers in Florida. The warm climate of the South affords a period of 200–290 frost-free days per year, enabling such profitable crops as tobacco, rice, sugarcane, and cotton to be grown.