Once in the cotton gin, t… Worldwide cotton production has not declined this much since 2008. Organizations in which Cotton Incorporated participates to enforce the standardization of cotton as a natural resource. Rotor spinning machines at a coarse cotton factory. To avoid damage to the cotton by wind or rain, it is picked as soon as the bolls open, but since the bolls do not all reach maturity simultaneously, an optimum time is chosen for harvesting by mechanical means. Every bale of cotton in the United States is classed by USDA classing offices and reports are issued weekly during the classing season. Blends (composites) are made during yarn processing by joining drawn cotton with other staple fibres, such as polyester or casein. Insecticides are sprayed to protect the plants at this stage. This statistic shows the total amount of cotton produced worldwide from 1990 to 2020. https://www.britannica.com/topic/cotton-fibre-and-plant, Jewish Women's Archive - Biography of Anne Frank, Web Gallery of Art - Biography of Antonio Canova, The New Georgia Encyclopedia - Business and Economy - Cotton, JewishEncyclopedia.com - Biography of Georg Brandes, cotton - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), cotton - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Cotton Incorporated showcases interviews with cotton growers to share their experiences and knowledge. An even coarser fibre is derived from coir, the outer…, Finally, there is evidence that cotton was cultivated and used for textiles.…. Properly timed insecticide application provides fairly effective control. Table 24.14 Production, Area and Yield of Cotton in India: Scientists believe that cotton was first cultivated in the Indus delta. When the seeds are nearly ripe the pod burst open and the cotton hairs project, forming a white fluffy mass called a boll. Most of the seeds (cottonseed) are separated from the fibres by a mechanical process called ginning. Cotton is susceptible to a wide range of insect pests such as bollworms, plant bugs, stink bugs, aphids, thrips and spider mites. Cotton is a dirty industry Cotton is the … Chemical insecticides, which were first introduced in the early 1900s, require careful and selective use because of ecological considerations but appear to be the most effective and efficient means of control. The second group contains the standard medium-staple cotton, such as American Upland, with staple length from about 1.3 to 3.3 cm (0.5 to 1.3 inches). Bulgaria produces cotton on less than 1,000 ha. Almost all of the cotton fiber growth and production occurs in southern and western states, dominated by Texas, California, Arizona, Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana. By 1860, the region was producing two-thirds of the world’s cotton. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Plant-parasitic nematodes cost cotton growers more in chemical control expenses and plant losses than any other plant disease. Production: India has the largest area under cotton cultivation in the world though she is the world’s third largest producer of cotton after China and the USA. The textile industry used to be the country’s largest consumer of cotton … Equipment includes tractor, two-row stalk-cutter, disk (to... Close-up of a carding machine at a textile mill. The origins of cotton production and use go back to ancient times. Linters, fibres considerably shorter than the seed hair and more closely connected to the seed, come from a second growth beginning about 10 days after the first seed hairs begin to develop. Cotton production is responsible for the emission of 220 million tons of CO2 annually. Nonwoven cotton, made by fusing or bonding the fibres together, is useful for making disposable products to be used as towels, polishing cloths, tea bags, tablecloths, bandages, and disposable uniforms and sheets for hospital and other medical uses. A traditional and still common processing method is ring spinning, by which the mass of cotton may be subjected to opening and cleaning, picking, carding, combing, drawing, roving, and spinning. Some varieties have been bred that are resistant to a bacterial disease called angular leaf spot. There are three groups of commercial cotton; American Upland cotton, American Pima or Extra Long Staple (ELS) cotton, and shorter length cottons. Cotton is the most widespread profitable non-food crop in the world. Production, particularly in the tropical regions of the world, looks set to suffer under predicted rising temperatures, decreased soil moisture and more extreme weather events and flooding. Although cotton can be grown between latitudes 30° N and 30° S, yield and fibre quality are considerably influenced by climatic conditions, and best qualities are obtained with high moisture levels resulting from rainfall or irrigation during the growing season and a dry, warm season during the picking period. Cotton production is a very involved process, from planting cotton seeds to picking the cotton crop to the processing it in a cotton gin. Handpicking, carried out over a period of several days, allows selection of the mature and opened bolls, so that a higher yield is possible. Service Marks / Trademarks of Cotton Incorporated. Cotton is an arable crop used mainly for fibre. Cotton fibres may be classified roughly into three large groups, based on staple length (average length of the fibres making up a sample or bale of cotton) and appearance. It is comfortable to wear because it absorbs and releases moisture quickly. Traduzioni in contesto per "of cotton production" in inglese-italiano da Reverso Context: Commissioner, the current reform of cotton production began in 2001. Cotton can be found as perennial treelike plants in tropical climates but is normally cultivated as a shrubby annual in temperate climates. Conventional cotton production requires more insecticides than any other major crop, and the production of organic cotton, which relies on nonsynthetic insecticides, has been increasing in many places worldwide. Mechanization has also reduced substantially the labour needed to grow cotton. There, machines feed the cotton into a cotton gin, which pulls the cotton fibers apart to remove unwanted debris such as dirt, twigs, burs, leaves and other plant material. Traduzioni in contesto per "production of cotton" in inglese-italiano da Reverso Context: We believe your proposal will result in the production of cotton being discontinued. Glyphosate-resistant cotton, which can tolerate the herbicide glyphosate, was also developed through genetic engineering. The biggest producers of cotton are China, India and the United States, although the United States are the biggest exporter of cotton and China produces the cotton mostly for domestic use. A variety of cotton production, crop management, yield variety, and fiber quality data resources. Use Cotton Incorporated's Engineered Fiber Selection® (EFS®) Cotton Management System™ Software to consistently create the best quality yarn. The third group includes the short-staple, coarse cottons, ranging from about 1 to 2.5 cm (0.5 to 1 inch) in length, used to make carpets and blankets, coarse and inexpensive fabrics, and blends with other fibres. It produces 3,999 thousand metric tonnes a year. Cotton Incorporated has a variety of tools available for cotton producers to gain information for their specific marketing plan. Boll weevil, Boll worm, Caterpillar). Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The fibres are composed of about 87 to 90 percent cellulose (a carbohydrate plant substance), 5 to 8 percent water, and 4 to 6 percent natural impurities. The cottonseed, which remains after cotton is ginned, is used to produce oil for human consumption and oilseed cake for animal feed. Mechanization has also reduced substantially the labour needed to grow cotton. The United States is a key producer and exporter of cotton. The pink bollworm (Pectinophora gossypiella), originally reported in India in 1842, has spread throughout the cotton-producing countries, causing average annual crop losses of up to 25 percent in, for example, India, Egypt, China, and Brazil. A National Cotton Council analysis affirms that today’s modern cotton production system provides significant benefits to rural America’s economy and environment. The amount of water needed to produce one kilogram of cotton; equivalent to a single t-shirt and pair of jeans. Organic, responsibly grown cotton is better for the planet in many ways. The demand for the commodity is usually driven by the demand for cotton lint by textile producers. A fieldworker picking cotton in Leme, São Paulo state, Brazil. Seeds, burrs, dirt, stems and leaf material are removed from the cotton during ginning. Ginned cotton is shipped in bales to a textile mill for yarn manufacturing. Cotton plants are subject to diseases caused by various pathogenic fungi, bacteria, and viruses and to damage by nematodes (parasitic worms) and physiological disturbances also classified as diseases. For the production of cotton blends, air-jet spinning may be used; in this high-speed method, air currents wrap loose fibres around a straight sliver core. Cotton fabrics can be extremely durable and resistant to abrasion. Controls and quarantines of affected areas have helped limit the spread of the insect, and eradication has been possible in a few relatively small areas with sufficiently strict controls. Blends (composites) are made during yarn processing by joining drawn cotton with other staple fibres, such as polyester or casein . COVID-19 & Consumer Concerns in Mexico – Second Wave, COVID-19 & Consumer Concerns in China – Second Wave, Fueling Consumption in Mexico’s Activewear Market, China’s Baby Care & Feminine Hygiene Market, Prospects for Tomorrow’s Underwear Market, 2014 Farm Bill – Farm Program and Insurance Decision Aid, Cotton Harvest Cost Comparison Program/Decision Aid, Cotton Precision Agriculture Investment Decision Aid (CPAIDA), Precision Agriculture Yield Variability Analyzer, Alternative and Low-Cost Sources of Lime and Fertilizer, Year-Round Expert Advice to Cotton Growers, No-Till, Double-Cropping System Yields Costs Savings, Manage Heat with Innovation for Cotton Production, Satellite Imagery Technology to Manage Variable Soil, Maximizing Harvester Capacity & Productivity, What Is at Risk When Seed Cotton Is Stored, Proper Cutting of Plastic Wrap on Round Modules, Initiating and Terminating Irrigation for the Season, Water-Sensitivity of Cotton Growth Stages, Management Considerations for Irrigated Cotton, Rolling High Rye for Conservation of Tillage Cotton Success, 2015 Conservation Tillage Conference Proceedings, 2014 Conservation Tillage Conference Proceedings, 2013 Conservation Tillage Conference Proceedings, 2012 Conservation Tillage Conference Proceedings, 2011 Conservation Tillage Conference Proceedings, 2010 Conservation Tillage Conference Proceedings, 2009 Conservation Tillage Conference Proceedings, 2008 Conservation Tillage Conference Proceedings, 2007 Conservation Tillage Conference Proceedings, Whole Cottonseed a Super Feed for Dairy Cows, Cotton Precision Crop Technology Providers, Other Precision Agriculture for Cotton Websites, Ultra Narrow Row Cotton Harvest to Textiles, Management of White Fly Resistance to Key Insecticides in Arizona, Technical Advisory Committee of the Whitefly Q Biotype Task Force, Herbicide-resistant Weeds Training Lessons, Current Status of Herbicide Resistance in Weeds, Scouting After a Herbicide Application and Confirming Herbicide Resistance, Principles of Managing Herbicide Resistance, Take Action against Herbicide-Resistant Weeds, 2012 Breeding Cotton for Resistance to Fusarium and Nematodes Meeting Presentations, 2007 Genetics of Root Knot Nematode Resistance in Cotton Meeting Presentations, 2005 Breeding Cotton for Resistance to Nematodes, Breeding Cotton Nematode Resistance Meeting Presentations, Cotton Leafroll Dwarf Virus Research Review, Identification and Management of Fusarium Wilt Race 4, Exotic Polerovirus Infecting Cotton in the Southeast US, Research Coordination Meeting on Target Spot Presentations, Review of the Bacterial Blight Research Program, Identification and Management of Bacterial Blight of Cotton, Diagnosis and Management of Foliar Diseases in the United States, Site-Specific Management of Cotton Root Rot Using Airborne and Satellite Imagery and Variable Rate Technology, Cotton Root Rot(Phymatotrichopsis Root Rot) and it’s Management, Managing Glyphosate-Resistant Palmer Amaranth Research Meeting, Managing Glyphosate-Resistant Palmer Amaranth Research Presentations, Segregation and what it means in Palmer amaranth, 2014 Crop Management Seminar Presentations, 2012 Crop Management Seminar Presentations, 2006 Crop Management Seminar Presentations, 2010 Crop Management Seminar Presentations, 2008 Crop Management Seminar Presentations, International Cotton Genome Initiative (ICGI) Research Conference Presentations, California State Support Committee Bylaws, Mississippi State Support Committee Bylaws, North Carolina State Support Committee Bylaws, South Carolina State Support Committee Bylaws, Virginia State Cotton Support Committee Bylaws, Maintaining Official Standards for Classification, Quality and Reliability of Classification Data, Final Cotton Crop Quality Summary Reports, The Global Baby Care Market Present and Future Growth, The Seal of Cotton Trademark Licensing Program, Cotton Science & Sustainability Lesson Plans.