Inform students that this is a winner from the most prestigious athletic competition, the Olympic Games. Inform students that the writing on either side of Athena helps to identify what the object is and when it was made. Along the vase near the front side of Athena, the text states: "from the games held at Athens." (The horses' legs are all rearing up, the gown of the driver is streaming behind him, and the feather in the helmet of the athlete is flowing in the wind.) A key to determining victory is measuring achievements on a defined metric scale, but even this is difficult due to the question of what happens when a war is started with one stated goal (with associated clear metrics), but during the course of the war there is either a deliberate or subtle shift toward a different goal. • Student Handout: Olympian XIV by Pindar 17. 10. • classroom discussions about the artworks. (If students are going to interview one of the athletes in the artworks, they will need to do some research and create names and cities for the athletes that would have been plausible in ancient Greece.) The chapters are: 1) Birth of Freedom; 2) The Land Divided; 3) Coming of Age: 4) Land of the Free. 5. The day, which falls on Sunday, May 5 in 2019, is also known as Battle of Puebla Day. restricted community that included the victor, his relatives, and the fellow citizens attending the public premiere, the victory odes could subsequently cir- culate beyond that local community. However, he always included the following elements: • the name of the victorious athlete • the name of his family • the name of his city • the event for which he won • gods to be praised for his victory • mythological stories about the city where the athlete's family was from or the city in which the competition took place 13. Minyas was the original founder of the city; therefore, his descendants (Minyans) are referenced several times in the poem. Finally, we have Merchandise/SWAG to purchase at TeePublic! 3. These vessels always depicted the goddess Athena on one side and the event for which it was won on the other side. • write their own "poem on demand" about a person they interviewed. That year, he wrote the ode ‘Olympian 11’ as well; it depicted the success of Agesidamus of Epizephyrian Locris in a boxing match. Distribute the handout Olympian XIV by Pindar, comprising a poem written for another winner of a footrace. 3.3 Identify and describe trends in the visual arts and discuss how the issues of time, place, and cultural influence are reflected in selected works of art. Tells you about the structure and content of Pindar's Olympic Victory Odes and then tells you how to write your own! For example, how do we know that the chariot is moving fast? Are there any athletes they admire? pipe with a bag to allow for continuous sound, like a bagpipe).   • mythological stories about the city where the athlete's family was from or the city in which the competition took place • What athletic competition do you think is being depicted? 9. Satisfaction is guaranteed with every order.   • the event for which he won Have students write their poems. Powered by, In this episode, we discuss the various types of ancient Greek musical instruments during the Classical Period and how and for what purpose they were used; and the lives and works of the three, great 5th century BC lyric poets who pioneered the genre of the epinikion (victory ode)—Simonides of Ceos (, , Bacchylides of Ceos (ca. Since he has somewhat thin and elegant features, scholars think he may have been a runner.) 4.2. Permissions: The lesson plan and downloadable materials on this page are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. • Pencils. Why do you think so? Athletes, their families, or their cities could either commission a statue or a poem for a winner. Twentieth-century papyrus finds identified the 6th-century-bc poet Ibycus as the earliest known author of epinicia; the first datable example is an ode composed in 520 bc by Simonides of Ceos for the victory of Glaucus of … History–Social Science Standards for California Public Schools Encourage students to take notes about what they think is being communicated in the poem. Inform students that these vessels were filled with olive oil, an expensive commodity in antiquity. You can always title your ode “An Ode to…” in order to make your intentions clear. Analyze the form (how a work of art looks) and content (what a work of art communicates) of works of art. 15. Have students re-read the poem … When the Canadian Opera Company opened the doors to its new opera house in 2006, the gala concert included “Ode to Joy,” the last movement from Ludwig van Beethoven’s Symphony No. There is a great store featuring not only apparel with the podcast logos but as well as artwork created by independent designers. Remind students to include all of the information in the bulleted points in step 12. Have students create lyres using the Art Activity "A Classy Cardboard Lyre" and re-read their poems, accompanied by music. 3.0 Historical and Cultural Context Writing: Literature His city, Orchomenos, was native to the Graces (Glory, Mirth, and Health), so they are referenced throughout the poem. Like other orders awarded by Communist nations, the Order of Victory could be awarded more than once to the same individual. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.9-10.9a Apply grades 9–10 Reading standards to literature (e.g., "Analyze how an author draws on and transforms source material in a specific work [e.g., how Shakespeare treats a theme or topic from Ovid or the Bible or how a later author draws on a play by Shakespeare]"). Text will be unmarked. He could be putting on, taking off, or pointing to the olive wreath.) The victory ode in the theatre* By the middle of the fifth century the victory ode had reached the end of its life as a major commissioned song form. helps to mould the mood of confidence which dominates the first part of the poem, before the ode pivots into the unmitigated pessimism of the myth13). ODE 14. The Oba received Akinlade and his team amidst members of Ijebu Progressives Obas who included Alaporu of Ilaporu, Soponlukale of Ijebu Igbo, Alaye Aba of Aiyepe, Alakan of Ayepe, Oligun of Ilugun North, … Inform students that this object is a prize vessel given to winners of the athletic competition held at Athens every four years. Also, have students think about when they are going to include the name of the person, early in the poem or later? CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.9-10.1 Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 9–10 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively. 525-ca. Subjects: Visual Arts, English–Language Arts CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1 Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. (described a person who lacked refinement or education), held horizontally, like the modern flute). In this case, the figure is Athena, patron of the city of Athens and goddess of war. • analyze and discuss a poem by the Greek poet Pindar. Our term “athletics” comes from Greek games of the kind that Pindar praised, aethloi (competitions, or ordeals; the word can also denote battles) whose victors could … Author: J. Paul Getty Museum Education Staff. Common Core Standards for English Language Arts 13. Students will be assessed on: 4. Pindar is considered the greatest lyric poet of Greece and the best-known writer of choral odes; portions of his work include 45 victory odes commemorating the ancient Olympic Games. 8. However, he always included the following elements: Grade 6 Of these, the Olympic games were the most important, as Pindar recognizes in his first Olympian ode, written to celebrate the victory of the racehorse Pherenikos, owned by Hieron, ruler of Syracuse: But if, my heart, you wish to sing of contests, look no further for any star warmer than the sun, shining by day through the lonely … a very long, slender bronze trumpet-like instrument), Supplementary Resources (Videos, Photos, Other Podcasts), Photo/Roman Statue of Apollo Playing the Kithara, Photo/Reconstructive Drawing of a Barbiton, Photo/Roman Statue of Marsyas Receiving Apollo's Punishment, Photo/Vase Painting of a Soldier Playing a Salpinx, Photo/Bronze Statuette of Cybele holding a Tympanon, Photo/Reconstructive Drawing of a Female Playing the Crotalon, Photo/Modern Replica of Simonides' Memorial Epitaph at Thermopylae, Photo/Fragments of Surviving Papyri of Bacchylides' Poetry. In Tate’s case, he signified that he wanted readers to interpret his verse as an ode poem, rather than as an elegy, by changing the title.   • Do you see movement in this work of art, or does it seem still? (He is holding his right hand up to his head but not touching it. Tell students that they are going to write a victory ode for a classmate, an accomplished person they know, or one of the athletes depicted in one of the artworks discussed. VICTORY ODE: AN INTRODUCTION (NOYES CLASSICAL STUDIES) (ENGLISH AND ANCIENT GREEK EDITION) - Hardcover … Book is in Very Good Condition. Explain to students that Pindar's poems varied a great deal. Visual Arts Content Standards for California State Public Schools Have students write an essay either affirming or negating Pindar's assessment of poetry vs. sculpture. The two-word phrase included 16 letters, and the trio slowly filled them in until only five remained. Ask students to look at the shape of the vessel, and ask them, "Does it remind you of anything you have seen?" 3.1 Identify similarities and differences in the purposes of art created in selected cultures. (This event was a race where an armed athlete had to jump off, run beside, and then jump back on the chariot as it was being driven by the man in the white gown.) Grades/Level: Middle School (6–8), High School (9–12) Explain different poetic devices and identify which ones are used in the poem, e.g., apostrophe: "O Lady Glory, and Mirth"; hyperbole: "Has crowned his young hair/With the wings of a glorious triumph"; symbol: "Go now, Echo, to the black walls/Of Persephona's house." • Why do you think his feet are missing? and likely sung at Orchomenos, the city of the winner of that year's games, Asopichos. 1.0 Artistic Perception (The name of the athlete, Asopichos, is described toward the end. 1 Behold! As a result, the Korean … This short uses a musical suite to show Americans what they are fighting for in World War II. Have students recite their poems orally. The victory ode, or epinician, is the only lyric genre to survive from Pindar’s vast lyric repertoire as a near-complete corpus.   • the name of the victorious athlete The text on the other side indicates the name Theophrastos, the archon (city magistrate) for 340–339 B.C., so we know the exact year the vessel was made! For information about poetic devices, view the Poetry Glossary on Poets.org. Why or why not? Hallelujah. A podcast series covering Ancient Greek & Hellenistic political, social, and cultural history from prehistory to the Roman conquest. 450 BC), and Pindar of Thebes (, , as well as their connections with the lesser known poets, Corrina of Tanagra, Lasos of Hermione, and Timocreon of Rhodes, was drawn to Athens and the court of the tyrant Hipparchus, 514 BC - Upon the assassination of Hipparchus, Simonides traveled north to Thessaly, where he re, Scopadae and Aleuadae, the two most powerful aristocratic clans (while there he developed his "memory palace"), 498 BC - Pindar received first commission, by a ruling family in Thessaly to compose his first victory ode (labeled Pythian Ode 10), Bacchylides (the nephew of Simonides) received his first commissions from Athens for the great Delian festival (known as Ode 17) and from Macedonia for a song to be sung at a symposium for the young prince, Alexander I, epitaph honoring the Athenian war-dead at Marathon, At the Pythian Games, Pindar met Thrasybulus, nephew of Theron of Akragas and formed a lasting friendship, paving the way for his subsequent visit to Sicily, 480s BC - Pindar and Bacchylides compete to writ, honoring the Spartan war-dead at Thermopylae. Denison, Frederic, 1819-1901, author. Sometimes they were very long, sometimes only a paragraph; sometimes he noted the victor's name in the beginning lines, sometimes at the end of the poem. After Pindar and Bacchylides, the sung epinician attracts no major poetic talent, with the unique exception of the victory ode for Alcibiades attributed to Euripides. Have students interview a classmate or an accomplished person they know. 3.2 View selected works of art from a culture and describe how they have changed or not changed in theme and content over a period of time. Show students a reproduction of Victorious Youth.   • the name of his family 11. 4.0 Aesthetic Valuing Grade 6   • any relevant story or cultural reference to the person's city of origin List of recipients Order of Victory. Will include dust jacket if it originally came with one. The 1984 Los Angeles and 2004 Athens Olympics included classical scholars reciting Pindar, or reading their own commissioned “Pindaric” odes. Jill Biden stepped out in a navy floral vine dress by Oscar de le Renta as she stood proudly beside her husband, President-elect Joe Biden, as he accepted his victory last night in Wilmington, Del. The APM campaign train’s first port of call was the palace of the Gbegande of Ososa, Oba Oba Dr Adetoye Alatishe. Inform students that they are going to look at another "prize." Ask students whether sports or other forms of competition are important. May show some signs of use or wear. 7. The ode begins with a priamel, where the rival distinctions of water and gold are introduced as a foil to the true prize, the celebration of victory in song. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.9-10.3 Evaluate a speaker's point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric, identifying any fallacious reasoning or exaggerated or distorted evidence. During the interview, students should gather the following information: A crooked sign on the edge of town announces matter-of-factly, "Town of Victory." The order was officially adopted on November 8, 1943, and was first awarded to Georgy Zhukov (#1), Alexandr Vasilevsky (#2), and Joseph Stalin (#3). Students will: Included in Sourcebook. Theron was a Greek tyrant of Acragas in Sicily. Video/Music and Creativity in Ancient Greece (TED-Ed), Video/Oldest Song from Ancient Greece: The Seikilos Song (Ancient History Encyclopedia), Photo/Vase Painting of Apollo Playing the Lyre, Video/Marsyas & The Magic Flute (Monarchs Factory), Photo/Vase Painting of the Competition Between Marysas (Aulos) and Apollo (Lyre), Photo/Roman Statue of Pan Teaching Daphnis To Play the Panpipes, Peopling the Past - The Sound of Music: Art and Ritual, https://www.teepublic.com/stores/greekhistorypod. The album’s liner notes include the quote “Thank God the elevator’s broken”, a reference to the 12-step de-addiction programme proposed by … 4.3 Construct an interpretation of a work of art based on the form and content of the work. on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone). 470s BC - Simonides, Bacchylides, and Pindar traveled west to Sicily where they received patronage at the courts of the tyrants, 476 BC - The rivalry of Bacchylides and Pindar reaches high point when. Copyright © 2016. In this episode Ricky McGinny performs an ode to the town (at least for now) of Victory, Vt. In Ode 5 the description of Pherenicus' victory (43 ff.) How to use victory in a sentence. Two 50-minute class periods   • the name of the person Have students re-read the poem and note the elements listed in step 12. 14.   • How does the figure look? They could have been left on the base where he was originally placed, or they may have been lost at sea, where he was found in the 1960s, after being shipwrecked in antiquity.) ODE 13. Tell students that the purpose of this statue was to honor and glorify the Olympic victor. Cinco de Mayo, or the fifth of May, is a holiday that celebrates the date of the Mexican armys 1862 victory over France at the Battle of Puebla during the Franco-Mexican War. 4.1 Construct and describe plausible interpretations of what they perceive in works of art. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.6.2 Interpret information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and explain how it contributes to a topic, text, or issue under study. Pindar was a lyric poet who flourished in the first half of the fifth century BCE. (It is an olive wreath, the prize awarded to winners of the Olympic Games.) The Hellenistic epic Argonautica, by Apollonius Rhodius, was influenced by some aspects of Pindar's style and his use of episodic vignettes in … Inform students that one of the most sought-after poets for this type of commission was Pindar (Greek, c. 522–443 B.C.). Extensions 1. Finally, although his father was dead, the goddess Echo visits the goddess of the underworld, Persephona, to tell Asopichos's father, Kleodamos, about the glory of Asopichos's victory.) (She is wearing a helmet and holding a helmet and shield.) Ring-composed , [8] Pindar returns in the final lines to the mutual dependency of victory and poetry, where "song needs deeds to celebrate, and success needs songs to …   • the person's achievement, including any descriptive words that would effectively illustrate the achievement Tell students that this statue would have been on a base, with the name of the winner, the name of his father, and the name of his city-state. 6.4 Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the early civilizations of Ancient Greece. 4.0 Aesthetic Valuing Poems could be read and re-read in different environments (public festivals or private dinner parties) throughout the ancient world, which brought more fame to the victorious athletes. Pindar composed a poem for Hiero’s first victory in the chariot race at the Olympic Games (known as Olympian Ode 1), Bacchylides composed an ode too for Hieron (his Ode 5) free of charge in the hope of attracting future commissions, 470 BC - Bacchylides received the commission to celebrate Hieron's triumph at the Pythian Games (which would be his Ode 4), and taking a page out of his rival’s playbook, Pindar too composed an ode free of charge for Hieron’s victory (his Pythian Ode 1), 468 BC - Simonides died while at the court of Theron of Akragas, Bacchylides was commissioned to celebrate Hieron’s second and most, victory in the chariot race at the Olympic Games (his Ode 3), 465-440 BC - Arkesilaos IV served as a client king of Cyrene under Persian authority, was the eighth and last king of the Battiad dynasty, Diagoras of Rhodes wins boxing contest at, 462 BC - Pindar composed two odes in honor of Arkesilaos IV's chariot race victory at the Pythian Games (his, 447 BC - Athens was defeated by Thebes at the Battle of Coronea (possible influence for Pythian Ode 8 where he describes the downfall of the giants, 440 BC - Pindar died while attending the Nemean festival in Argos. Poems commissioned for winning athletes are called victory odes. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices When in doubt, many poets include the word “ode” or “elegy” in their completed poem. Pindar felt that his poems were more important than the statues winners commissioned, because his poems were not static. Reading: Literature • their poem. (We don't know. Although athletes didn't win a monetary prize in Olympia (like they did at Athens), they won something much more important—honor and fame for their families. What characteristics do they admire? (It looks like a big trophy, such as the Stanley Cup.) This was important, because the athlete brought honor not only to his family but also to his city. Provide paper and pencils.   • the name of a family member that would be particularly proud of the person You can write about a sporting celebrity such as Rebecca Adlington and there is … Time Required: 2–Part Lesson His masterpiece Aetia included an elegy in honour of Queen Berenice, celebrating a chariot victory at the Nemean Games, composed in a style and presented in a manner that recall Pindar. Official music video for Ode To Viceroy by Mac DeMarco off his album, 2. • discuss two works of art from ancient Greece depicting athletes. The winner of this event would have won more than one hundred of these vessels, worth tens of thousands of today's dollars. 16. Victory definition is - the overcoming of an enemy or antagonist. No post office, stores, gas stations or churches indicate a town center. 4.0 Aesthetic Valuing There are no schools in Victory. Grade 9–12 (Proficient)   • gods to be praised for his victory While in the athletic triumphal ode glory is reflected from (Albert Augustus), 1851-1932. • the oral presentation of their poem. All rights reserved.. Picture Window theme. The resulting cookbook, Prudence Penny's Coupon Cookery, included ditties like this, an ode to whole grain flour as an alternative to white: The cook who bakes her bread and rolls is everybody's pal Title Fair land of freedom : victory ode Contributor Names Stanley, Albert A. the victory celebration of Heracles. Exploring Art of the Ancient World at the Getty Villa, Assessing Online Resources for K-12 Teachers, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. • learn about athletics and prizes awarded to athletes in ancient Greece. 12. 9. Students will discuss two artworks that depict athletes in ancient Greece and analyze a poem by the ancient Greek poet Pindar dedicated to an athlete. What objects show movement? A strange little Ode. • Paper Pindaric ode, ceremonious poem by or in the manner of Pindar, a Greek professional lyrist of the 5th century bc. the victory ode present in a more attenuated form, as the tyrant is being killed; the killing. Ask what the effect of each would be (i.e., does providing the name of the victor later in the poem build anticipation?). the Lord is our mirror: open the eyes and see them in Him: and learn the manner of your face: 2 And tell forth praise to His spirit: and wipe off the filth from your face: and love His holiness, and clothe yourselves therewith: 3 And be without stain at all times before Him. in the war-torn period of 15th- to 16th-century Europe, was the literal “victory ode,” the ode that described the feat of the King and the courage of his warriors.2 The military victory ode distinguished itself from its origin in the athletic ode in that it was a national narrative. with different lengths for different sounds). Inform students that these items are called attributes—objects figures wear or hold that help to visually identify them. 2. While it is a relatively minor holiday in Mexico, in the United States, Cinco de … There’s short sleeve T-shirts, long sleeve T-shirts, baseball T-shirts, hoodies, crewneck sweatshirt, tank tops, kids apparel, and even masks, all in different colors and cuts, plus phone and laptop cases, wall art, tapestries, pins, stickers, magnets, notebooks, mugs, pillows, and tote bags! Ask students whether they play any sports. • Images of Panathenaic Amphora by the Marsyas Painter and Victorious Youth by an unknown artist As an orchestra in military dress plays different "chapters" of the work, relevant excerpts from MGM films show the history of America. Grade 7 Inform students that this poem was probably composed around 488 B.C. • How would you describe his gesture? Students will then interview a classmate or an accomplished person they know and create their own "poem on demand" to commemorate that person's achievement. • What is the object on his head? Pindar employed the triadic structure attributed to Stesichorus (7th and 6th centuries bc), consisting of a strophe (two or more lines repeated as a unit) followed by a metrically • What event do you think he competed in? Pindar also composed a celebratory ode for this victory (Pindar's Pythian Ode 1), including however stern, moral advice for the tyrant to rule wisely. (He doesn't have a lot of muscles, so he wasn't a discus thrower or a wrestler. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.7 Compare and contrast the experience of reading a story, drama, or poem to listening to or viewing an audio, video, or live version of the text, including contrasting what they "see" and "hear" when reading the text to what they perceive when they listen or watch. Ask students the following questions: Beck: An ode to the Korean War tent Written By: ... but somewhere there is a victory photo of me sitting on my cot in the tent, smoking a victory cigar. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. The ode ends as a paean, but epinician elements persist, in the praise of birth, of areta , and of labour (|ioxör|Cjac 698). Please consider donating to support the podcast! Why?   • How would you describe this figure? The East Troublesome fire covered some 300-plus square miles which unfortunately included some of my elk hunting grounds. 6. The third stasimon continues the emphasis on victory, with. Grades 6–12 3.0 Historical and Cultural Context In Ode 11 the evocation of Alexidamus' Pythian io) Ode 5 gives a clear, if stylized, account of Hieron's Olympic victory Also in 476 BC, the poet wrote ‘Olympians 2 & 3’ to celebrate Theron of Acragas’ victory in a chariot race. • how well they incorporated poetic devices used by Pindar. … The epinikion or epinicion (plural epinikia or epinicia, Greek ἐπινίκιον, from epi-, "on," + nikê, "victory") is a genre of occasional poetry also known in English as a victory ode.In ancient Greece, the epinikion most often took the form of a choral lyric, commissioned for and performed at the celebration of an athletic victory in the … Show a reproduction of the other side of the object, with an image of a chariot race: Grade 8 Show a reproduction of the front side of the Panathenaic Amphora, with an image of the goddess Athena. In Greece, Sappho, Alcaeus, Anacreon, and others refined the single-voice ode. Although the epinicion originated in improvised celebration, the form of surviving works is highly literary.   • the name of his city CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.8.3 Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences. Greek words: mousika (literally "music", but also included all the arts under patronage of Apollo and nine Muses), mousikos (epithet synonymous with good taste), amousikos (described a person who lacked refinement or education), lyra (literally "lyre", a stringed instrument similar to small harp), plectron (a pick to play lyre), zugon (the crossbar of lyre), kithara … Begin a discussion with the following questions: 1.3 Describe how artists can show the same theme by using different media and styles. • What is she wearing and holding? Speaking and Listening