Irises are one of the earliest blooming and easiest perennial flowers to grow. Repeat this process throughout the growing season to keep the stand looking tidy. Spring is the best time to divide and replant your iris. Discard the old rhizomes. Cut back the dead debris in late fall or early spring. Cutting the foliage to ground level is fine if the foliage dies back completely, but avoid cutting into the exposed tops of the rhizomes. Discard any segments that are mushy or riddled with holes. Cut the leaves back to six inches. Siberian iris (Iris sibirica) and blue false indigo (Baptisia australis) ... Cut back plants with disease or insect pest problems to reduce the chance of infection the following season. Keep only the ones that are firm, dry and have roots and a fan of leaves attached. Siberian irises don't have serious insect or disease problems. Iris is a super tough, drought-tolerant genus of plants, with many species, that do fabulously well in Central Texas gardens. 2. Cut back the flower stems after every flower bud has opened and finished blooming, removing the stem near the base of the plant. Dig mature iris plants in the spring or early summer after they bloom or in the early fall, well before frost threatens. How to Divide Siberian Iris. The best time to do this is after the first frost in September or October. Do it about twice a week. Video of the Day Cut back the leaves and stems of your iris plantings with a sharp knife or clippers after the leaves have turned yellow and become droopy. resources Iris. Cut back the foliage of both bearded and Siberian irises to within 6 inches of the ground. It's all because of the intense interest in just a few of the species, for centuries. After blooming, cut down the bloom stalk. PESTS: Siberians are more resistant to disease than other garden irises, but do suffer from scorch in those areas where this attacks other iris varieties. Prune back the entire iris plant to within 6 inches of the ground after the foliage begins to yellow in fall. You will notice that your iris clumps expand outwards each year until eventually the centers stop blooming. Planting dwarf iris can be done in spring or fall. Separate healthy rhizomes into segments with one fan of leaves and several feeding roots. They should be pruned in the summer or early fall after blooming only as needed to deadhead spent flowers or remove damaged or diseased foliage. Cut those rhizomes (generally about 6 to 8 inches long or less) from the old rhizomes that do not show new growth. And they’re virtually indestructible, making them the perfect plant for both beginning gardeners, who need some successes to boost their confidence, and more seasoned folks, who need at least one or two garden beds to be easy-care. Loosen the soil carefully and pry the rhizomes loose with a rocking motion. Here's an article with general care information: Best offers for your garden - ----- How to Cut Back a Siberian Iris. Tall irises 1. To ensure a quality show of blooms, Siberian Iris should be divided every 3-4 years. Cut the rhizomes with a sharp knife, leaving each new piece with two fan divisions. If you would like to rework the bed after the irises are removed (recommended), wet down the irises and To divide irises, dig up the clump. Iris are relatively carefree; however, they should be divided every three to four years. Avoid using water from a water softener. 'Ma Mie': A newcomer to Doddington, this is a wonderful unruffled plicata bred by Cayeux in 1906. Division is rarely necessary for Siberian irises. Noteworthy Characteristics. Trim out any dead or badly damaged leaves. Arching, narrow, grass-like, linear, blue-green leaves form a vase-shaped foliage clump to 2’ tall. University of Georgia perennial plant expert Allan Armitage notes that Japanese iris leaves mature anywhere from 24 to 30 inches tall and a clump of foliage and rhizomes spread to 24 inches in width. Take well sharp scissors (the stems can be quite woody and hard) and make a cut about 2.5 cm from the rhizome. Most of the more than 300 species worldwide are hardy throughout the U.S. and are widely adapted to various soil and sun conditions. Tiny, yellow nodding flower-heads appear in mid or late summer, but they are ornamentally insignificant and are best cut off to keep the foliage at its best. Also, help answer other questions about Flowers & Foliage and Siberian Iris Plants, and plants at Then, cutting off all leaves an inch or two above ground level is recommended. Remove wilted iris flower heads on their short stalks after the bloom has faded and begun to die back. Leave the green growth intact as this is crucial to plant survival. In the Fall, cut the foliage back close to the ground after it dies back. By combining different types of irises, you can have them in bloom from early spring right into the summer. Outdoor Beds Find a location where the soil has an average amount of moisture, or in warmer areas it can even be a bit wet like on the edge of a pond. Unlike bearded irises, they are seldom bothered by the iris borer, soft rot, or leaf spot. It is OK to cut back the leaves any time after they begin to yellow or become limp. There are few species of iris that bloom twice a season, to help generate this second flowering it will be important that once the flowers wilt cut the flower stalks from the base. Size. Today, of course, everything is dominated by our oversized, “bigger is better” passion for the tall Bearded Iris, also called German Iris (Iris germanica) . They are not immune to the iris borer in those areas where this pest gains the disgust of iris growers. 3. Fall Iris Care and Iris Deadheading. Although these miniature irises are available from many reputable nurseries, if you’re lucky enough to have the wildflowers growing on your property, they will transplant easily to a similar location in the garden. Divide Siberian irises when clumps become crowded or when flowering decreases. Currently being bulked up in the Kitchen Garden. Do I leave my Siberian iris alone through the winter, then cut them back in the spring when new growth starts to show, as I've done in the past, or do I cut them back now? - Gardening Know How Questions & Answers. The show begins w… Please ask and answer yard and garden questions and help build a great gardening community. Pruning back the foliage in autumn allows the flowers to become more visible. In areas where it will be consistently over 90˚F, wait until autumn or spring. In Memphis the heat can brown the tips and make them look sad. 'Wabash': A striking bicolour, sky blue over purple (not in the Doddington collection at present). Here we provide further tips on growing and caring for your Siberian Iris. Discard the mother; do not compost due to various iris pests and diseases that could survive in the rhizome. Transplanting iris successfully requires you to cut or break the small rhizomes away from the larger mother. January 29, 2019 If you love Siberian and bearded irises, you have to give their Japanese cousin a try. With about 200 different species scattered worldwide, gardeners probably know fewer of these flowers than any other popular group. And if you add a few repeat-blooming bearded irises, you'll also enjoy flowers in late summer and early fall. Pruning should be limited to removal of the damaged and dead foliage during autumn or in early summer. Water to which a good floral preservative has been added is the best solution in which to arrange fresh cut iris. Shallow planting is preferable as with most other types of iris plants. Help answer a question about Do I cut back the foliage on Siberian Iris after blooming? Their handsome foliage is attractive all year, even when the first frost turns them a rusty red-brown, although we recommend trimming back the foliage in late fall to discourage pests from overwintering. Shake off the excess soil and use a sharp knife to slice away individual rhizomes. Winter Iris Care You need to cut back the flower stems after flowering. Plants in the Siberian iris group are chiefly of hybrid origin, primarily being derived from two blue-flowered Asian species, namely, I. sibirica (central Europe to northeastern Turkey and southeastern Russia) and I. sanguinea (Russia, Korea and Japan). Bee balm (Monarda) and phlox (Phlox paniculata) with powdery mildew are examples. cutting back iris after blooming; bloom-stems; Welcome to Leave the foliage to go brown; after it has withered, cut it all back to 1 - 2" above ground. Trim the leaves back to 8 inches before transplanting iris. Immediately after the stems are cut, place your iris in a clean, deep vase of warm preservative solution (about 100 degrees F). Divide the rhizomes, which are underground stems, after the plants have finished flowering, but no later than August. It is time to start cutting back your Irises. Siberian Irises should be fed with a good, all-purpose fertilizer in early Spring and then again immediately after they have finished blooming. Cut back Siberian foliage only after it turns brown and withers in late fall. bloom for you next year. Replant the divisions immediately back into the bed or into containers. 'Blue Florentine': A very old cultivar, bright French blue and scented. A great choice as a neutral spacer or framing plant, Artemisia schmidtiana 'Nana' is a graceful addition to the landscape. Siberian irises like soil that has some humus, so add some compost, decomposed manure or leaf mold if your soil is lean or … In shifting daylight, Siberian iris leaves may reveal a slight bluish green cast. You should divide your clumps before they reach that point which is unhealthy for them. They bloom much later than the tall bearded irises, extending … Using it as recommended will provide additional days of vase life.