[citation needed], Left: Acres of upland cotton harvested as a percent of harvested cropland acreage (2007). [2] Cotton production is a $25 billion-per-year industry in the United States, employing over 200,000 people in total,[1] as against growth of forty billion pounds a year from 77 million acres of land covering more than eighty countries. Cotton Cultivation – Growing Cotton from Seed . [citation needed] Texas produces approximately 25% of the country's cotton crop on more than 6 million acres, the equivalent of over 9,000 square miles (23,000 km2) of cotton fields. The United States is the world's top exporter of cotton. Australia’s cotton growing season lasts approximately six months, starting in September/October (planting) and ending in March/April (picking). January 10, 2020. It does not do well in regions that have prolonged dry or wet spells. The California cotton industry provides more than 20,000 jobs in the state and generates revenues in excess of $3.5 billion annually. China imported about 11% of U.S. cotton last year, which was a sharp increase over previous seasons, allowing it to overtake El Salvador, which has consistently imported about 8-9% of the total. You need a Single Account for unlimited access. [6] The Hopson Planting Company produced the first crop of cotton to be entirely planted, harvested, and baled by machinery in 1944. Drought conditions can drastically affect yield. Then you will be able to mark statistics as favourites and use personal statistics alerts. You can only download this statistic as a Premium user. Corporate solution including all features. "Leading 10 U.S. States for Cotton Production in 2019 (in 1,000 Bales). [22] Although the industry was badly affected by falling prices and pests in the early 1920s, the main reason is undoubtedly the mechanization of agriculture in explaining why many blacks moved to northern American cities in the 1940s and 1950s during the "Great Migration" as mechanization of agriculture was introduced, leaving many unemployed. Overview and forecasts on trending topics, Key figures and rankings about brands and companies, Consumer insights and preferences in various industries, Detailed information about political and social topics, All key figures about regions and countries, Everything you need to know about Consumer Goods, Identify market potentials of the digital future, Technology Market Outlook [16] Yet the cotton industry continued to be very important for blacks in the southern United States, much more so than for whites. Are you interested in testing our corporate solutions? ", Musoke, Moses S. and Alan L. Olmstead. From 2012-2016, Missouri was ranked eighth in cotton production in the United States with the average production value of $191,004,400. ", Meikle, Paulette Ann. [29] Texas Cotton Producers includes nine certified cotton grower organizations; it addresses national and statewide cotton grower issues, such as the national farm bill and environmental legislation. [17] Three out of four black farm operators earned at least 40% of their income from cotton farming during this period. As it happens with tomato, pepper and other plants, cotton plants are perennial by nature. Fibers are used in the textile industry, where they are the starting point of the production … [39], Missouri grows upland cotton, and cottonseed, which is a valuable livestock feed. Southern black cotton farmers faced discrimination and strikes often broke out by black cotton farmers. Pre-moisten … Throughout the world, cotton is grown in China, India, Uzbekistan, Brazil, Pakistan, and Turkey. "[15] However, discrimination towards blacks continued as it did in the rest of society, and isolated incidents often broke out. During the … [22] In South Carolina, Williamsburg County production fell from 37,000 bales in 1920 to 2,700 bales in 1922 and one farmer in McCormick County produced 65 bales in 1921 and just 6 in 1922. and over 1 Mio. Cotton grows in warm atmospheres, and the majority of the world's cotton is produced in the U.S., Uzbekistan, the People's Republic of China and India. Production ginned and to be ginned. Where Is Cotton Grown In the US? Then you can access your favorite statistics via the star in the header. Further innovations in the form of genetic engineering and of nanotechnology are an encouraging development for the growth of cotton. The cotton growing season is from March-September, and temperatures during that time period average about 77degrees F (average 89:65 high:low degrees F). [37] In 2017, total Missouri cottonseed sales were 179,000 tons. As a Premium user you get access to the detailed source references and background information about this statistic. It expanded to the west very dramatically after 1800—all the way to Texas—thanks to the cotton gin. Other driving cotton-growing nations … A paid subscription is required for full access. [32], In the late 19th and early 20th century, federal agricultural engineers worked in the Arizona Territory on an experimental farm in Sacaton. Cotton is a natural fibre grown on a plant related to the commonly-found garden species hibiscus. How much a cotton operation could produce depended on how many hands (men women and children) were available. Water-use efficiency has increased by approximately 240 percent since the 1970’s and Australian cotton … It’s considered the king of all Egyptian cotton and for good reason. However, since we expect to take a fairly uniform … ", History of agriculture in the United States, "National Cotton Council of America â€“ Rankings", "Louisiana Farm Reporter, Vol 12, No., 10", "Leading destinations of U.S. cotton textile exports", Xiuzhi Wang, Edward A. Evans, and Fredy H. Ballen, "Overview of US Agricultural Trade with China", "Cotton in a Global Economy: Mississippi (1800-1860)", "Missouri Cotton Facts - Missouri Crop Resource Guide", "Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production Sorted by Value of Production in Dollars", Missouri Cotton Facts. Cotton farming was one of the major areas of racial tension in its history, where many whites expressed concerns about the mass employment of blacks in the industry and the dramatic growth of black landowners. The cottonseed from Missouri cotton production is used as livestock feed. [11] The quantity exported held steady, at 3,000,000 bales, but prices on the world market fell. Cotton production is an important economic factor in the United States as the country leads, worldwide, in cotton exportation. [5], Early cotton farming in the United States is synonymous with the history of slavery in the United States. "Emancipation and empire: Reconstructing the worldwide web of cotton production in the age of the American Civil War. Cotton was finally adapted to grow in more temperate climates by the … [6], In 2012, production totaled 17.3 million bales, with 12.3 million acres planted. Cotton … In terms of yield, Missouri yielded a record low of 281 pounds/acre in 1957 and a record high of 1,097 pounds/acre in 2015. A perennial, cotton grows in tropical and subtropical locations. Over the centuries, cotton became a staple crop in American agriculture. Producers in south Texas plant cotton as early as February. The cotton … California is the largest producer of Pima cotton in the United States. In the early 1910s, the average yield per acre varied between states: North Carolina (290 pounds), Missouri (279 pounds), South Carolina (255 pounds), Georgia (239 pounds); the yield in California (500 pounds) was attributed to growth on irrigated land. Cotton has been grown across the US since the time of Coronado … [12] Although there was some work involved in planting the seeds, and cultivating or holding out the weeds, the critical labor input for cotton was in the picking. Missouri soil allows for the growth of upland cotton with the average bale weighing approximately five hundred pounds. Throughout history (and even before) it has grown naturally in the wild in such far flung places as Brazil, Africa, Australia and the Americas. We don’t grow cotton ourselves, but given how much we use, we have a stake in how that cotton is grown and how it impacts the places where it is planted. The result was a large-scale exodus of the white and black cotton farmers from the south. Cotton and by-products are safeguarded through the regulation of cotton products and harvesting equipment that are imported into the state that could harbor cotton … [3], Cotton has been planted and cultured in the United States since before the American Revolution, especially in South Carolina. [30], Cotton was grown in Mexican California. Swamp cottonwood trees are also found up … Cotton will grow in a wide-range of climates from semi-arid desert conditions to mountainous sub-tropical conditions. You only have access to basic statistics. ", Moses S. Musoke, and Alan L. Olmstead. In Missouri and other northern parts of the Cotton Belt, they plant as late as June. [28] With eight production regions around Texas, and only four geographic regions, it is the state's leading cash crop. [26] Cotton exports to China grew from a value of $46 million in 2000 to more than $2 billion in 2010. Planting occurs in the spring after all danger of frost has passed. Pima traces its roots to cotton … In India, cotton is grown in three distinct agro-ecological zones, viz., Northern (Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan), Central (Gujarat, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh) and Southern zone (Andhra … Available to download in PNG, PDF, XLS format, Access to this and all other statistics on 80,000 topics from. Leading 10 U.S. states for cotton production in 2019 (in 1,000 bales) [Graph]. [23] A report published in May 2012 by the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service ranked the highest cotton-producing states as Texas, Georgia, Arkansas, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Arizona, Missouri, Alabama, California, South Carolina, and Louisiana.[24]. Profit from additional features by authenticating your Admin account. Although the industry was badly affected by falling prices and pests in the early 1920s, the mechanization of agriculture created additional pressures on those working in the industry. 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Todays cutting-edge machin… ", US Department of Agriculture, Leading 10 U.S. states for cotton production in 2019 (in 1,000 bales) Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/248776/top-10-us-states-for-cotton-production/ (last visited December 05, 2020), Leading 10 U.S. states for cotton production in 2019, Total U.S. cotton plantings and harvestings 2000-2019, U.S. acreage of planted cotton 2015/16-2019/20, U.S. acreage of harvested cotton 2015/16-2019/20, U.S. acreage of genetically modified cotton 2014-2018, Cotton production value in the U.S. 2000-2019, Major U.S. states for cotton production 2019, Leading U.S. states based on cotton production value 2018, Cotton price received by U.S. farmers 1990-2018, Cottonseed production in the U.S. 2000-2019, U.S. cottonseed production value 2000-2018, Supply of cottonseed products in the U.S. 2016/17-2018/19, U.S. cottonseed oil consumption 2000-2019, Exports of cottonseed from the U.S. 2016/17-2018/19, Exports of cottonseed oil from the U.S. 2016/17-2018/19, Cotton production in China 2018, by region, Area of cultivation for cotton in India FY 2014-2019, Colombia: cotton production volume 2010-2017, U.S. fertilizer use projections for cotton, Monthly cotton imports in China 2019-2020, Global cotton insecticides market share 2014, by country, Cotton production volume in Egypt 2007-2018, Global fertilizer use projections for cotton, Mexico: cotton production volume 2017, by state, Cuba: cotton consumption volume 2010-2019, Paraguay: cotton consumption volume 2010-2019, Italy: production growth of the cotton industry 2013-2016, Leading 10 U.S. states for cotton production in 2019 (in 1,000 bales), Find your information in our database containing over 20,000 reports, Tools and Tutorials explained in our Media Centre. Chart. Please create an employee account to be able to mark statistics as favorites. Because it’s considered the finest cotton in the world, it’s no wonder that farmers were keen to cultivate extra-long staple cotton on American soil. Cotton is a perennial plant usually grown in warmer southern states because of the long growing season – about 5 months, and the need for continuous heat to get the plant to maturity. The average price was $0.71 per pound with a crop value of $5.97 billion. It was here that Pima Indians cultivated various cotton hybrids seeking ideal traits. Social pressures caused by returning African American WWI veterans demanding increased civil rights being met by a resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan and the violence the Klan inflicted on rural African Americans explains why many African Americans moved to northern American cities in the 1920s through the 1950s during the "Great Migration" as mechanization of agriculture was introduced, leaving many unemployed. [13][14], The United States, observed in 1940 that "many thousands of black cotton farmers each year now go to the polls, stand in line with their white neighbors, and mark their ballots independently without protest or intimidation, in order to determine government policy toward cotton production control. 480-pound net weight bale. Planting cotton seeds indoors is also possible, keeping temperatures over 60 degrees F. (15 C.) (which shouldn’t be difficult in the house). Cotton is indeed grown in Russia, but only in southern Russia which also includes … With help of India map you can get list of highest cotton production state. Cotton has been cultivated for over 5,000 years, and only halfway through the 20th century did modern farming methods move away from handpicking and horse plowing. [10], After the Civil War, cotton production expanded to small farms, operated by white and black tenant farmers and sharecroppers. Following the end of slavery in the southern states the boll weevil, a pest from Mexico, began to spread across the United States, affecting yields drastically as it moved east. It is native to wet areas like floodplain woodlands, swamps and low areas on the eastern coast of the United States, from Connecticut to Louisiana. However, we prefer the cotton stays short so the stripper can grab it easier. The ideal entry-level account for individual users. In, US Department of Agriculture. New, Everything you need to know about the industry development, Find studies from all around the internet. Please do not hesitate to contact me. It comes from a specific area in Egypt where the conditions are just right for the cotton plant to grow. “People think walking in tall cotton is a good thing,” Kent says. It was by far the nation's main export, providing the basis for the rapidly growing cotton textile industry in Britain and France, as well as the Northeastern United States. Cotton seeds are planted in spring and the plant grows into green, bushy shrubs about one metre in height. Cotton Extension Program, University of Missouri Agricultural Extension, USDA NASS (used total production in pounds to determine rank), University of Missouri Extension - Southeast Missouri Crop Budgets, Cinderella of the New South: A History of the Cottonseed Industry, 1855-1955, Newspaper clippings about Cotton production in the United States, Agriculture in the Southwestern United States, Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990, Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cotton_production_in_the_United_States&oldid=990719736, Agricultural production in the United States, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Beckert, Sven. By the early 1900s, the botanist Thomas Henry Kearney (1874–1956) created a long staple cotton which was named Pima after the Indians who grew it. The fashion cloth of the blue jeans furthered boom of cotton for three decades. We work with the Better Cotton Initiative (BCI) and other partners to help farmers grow cotton … Growing Cotton Plants Indoors. As a Premium user you get access to background information and details about the release of this statistic. [8] Plantation owners brought mass supplies of labor (slaves) from Africa and the Caribbean to hoe and harvest the crop. It is estimated that there are 100 million cotton producers globally, with China, USA, India, … Even though cotton is known as water-intensive it doesn’t mean you should underwater your crop to try and make up for it. facts. More than 99 percent of the cotton grown in the US is of the Upland variety, with the rest being American Pima. The soil temperature must be 60 degrees Fahrenheit or higher for cotton … By the late 1920s around two-thirds of all African-American tenants and almost three-fourths of the croppers worked on cotton farms, and two in three black women from black landowning families were involved in cotton farming. Annual production slumped from 1,365,000 bales in the 1910s to 801,000 in the 1920s. Cotton may have been grown in the Xinjiang (China) province cities of Turfan and Khotan by the 8th century CE. Cotton is one of the original and major agricultural commodities produced in Arizona. While cotton can grow … Right: Unloading freshly harvested cotton using a mechanical, Left: Cotton farming in Mississippi using, Joyce E. Chaplin, "Creating a Cotton South in Georgia and South Carolina, 1760-1815. Finally in the 1950s, new mechanical harvesters allowed a handful of workers to pick as much as 100 had done before. As soon as this statistic is updated, you will immediately be notified via e-mail. As good as the stripper works, the cotton … … Today, so many products are created from cotton. ", Sven Beckert, "Emancipation and empire: Reconstructing the worldwide web of cotton production in the age of the American Civil War. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, upland cotton in Missouri was valued at 0.751 $ / pound in 2017. By the late 1920s around two-thirds of all African-American tenants and almost three-fourths of the croppers worked on cotton farms. Please authenticate by going to "My account" → "Administration". The cotton plant makes up cotton lint which is the fabric like material and makes up 42 of the total weight of the plant. Register in seconds and access exclusive features. [19] By 1929, the cotton ranches of California were the largest in the US (by acreage, production, and number of employees). Since the fiber is pervasive in what we wear, eat, and use on a daily basis, its easy to forget that it comes from a crop, and must be harvested each and every year to meet worldwide demand. This entry was posted in creative process, Stories..... and tagged cotton, cotton fields, cotton plants, harvesting cotton, how does cotton grow, how is cotton harvested, pictures of cotton, what does a cotton plant look like, what does natural cotton look like, where does cotton grow … According to the University of Missouri, cotton production per acreage in this state peaked in the 1953 and decreased to its lowest point in 1967. [38] Missouri upland cotton production in 2017 was valued at $261,348,000 with 750,000,480 pound bales produced in that year. This statistic is not included in your account. Seeding is done with mechanical planters which cover as … Native Americans were observed growing cotton by the Coronado expedition in the early 1540s. [22] As a result of the devastating harvest of 1922, some 50,000 black cotton workers left South Carolina, and by the 1930s the state population had declined some 15%, largely due to cotton stagnation. The cotton farming also subsidized in the country by U.S. government , as a trade policy, s… “If you planted a cotton seed in a pot inside the house and let it grow, it would get nine feet tall. Learn more about how Statista can support your business. Do – Amend Soil To … [33], From 1817, when it became a state, to 1860 Mississippi was the largest cotton-producing state in the United States. Please contact us to get started with full access to dossiers, forecasts, studies and international data. "The rise of the cotton industry in California: A comparative perspective. [7] This also ushered the slave trade to meet the growing need for labour to grow cotton[citation needed], a labor-intensive crop and a cash crop of immense economic worth[citation needed]. [9] Prior to the U.S. Civil War, cotton production expanded from 750,000 bales in 1830 to 2.85 million bales in 1850. By the 1970s, most cotton was grown in large automated farms in the Southwest. Texas produces more cotton than any other state in the United States. "Globalization and Its Effects on Agriculture and Agribusiness in the Mississippi Delta: A Historical Overview and Prospects for the Future. In 1910, it was released into the marketplace. [6], Native Americans were observed growing cotton by the Coronado expedition in the early 1540s. Quick Analysis with our professional Research Service: Content Marketing & Information Design for your projects: Industry-specific and extensively researched technical data (partially from exclusive partnerships). This feature is limited to our corporate solutions. While in 1987, Arizona was producing 66% of the country’s Pima cotton, it has dropped to only 2% in recent years. ", This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 03:25. The plants are irrigated, fertilized and weeded throughout the growing process then the bloom falls off and a mature cotton boll develops.